PR Red Pigment The Color of Art Pigment Database: Pigment Red, PR

Artist's Paint and Pigments Reference: Color Index Names, Color index Number and Pigment Chemical Composition

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Pigment Red PR Red Pigments
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Jump to CI Pigment Red Number:
NR 1. NR 2, NR 3, NR 4, NR 6, NR 8, NR 9, NR 10, NR 11, NR 12, NR 16, NR 20, NR 22, NR 23, NR 24, NR 25, NR 26, NR 28, NR 31,
PR 1, PR 2, PR 3, PR 4, PR 5, PR 6, PR 7, PR 8, PR 9, PR 12, ;PR 13, ;PR 14, PR 15, PR 17, PR 19, PR 21, PR 22, PR 23, PR 31, PR 32, PR 38, PR 39, PR 47, PR 48, PR 48:1, PR 48:2, PR 48:3, PR 48:4, PR 49, PR 49:1, PR 49:2, PR 52:1, PR 52:2, PR 53, PR 53:1, PR 57, PR 57:1, PR 57:2, PR 58:4, PR 60, PR 60:1, PR 61, PR 62, PR 63, PR 63:1, PR 69, PR 81, PR 81:1, PR 81:2, PR 81:3, PR 81:4, PR 83, PR 83:1, PR 83:3, PR 85, PR 88, PR 89, PR 90, PR 90:1, PR 101, PR 101:1, PR 102, PR 103, PR 104, PR 105, PR 106, PR 107, PR 108, PR 108:1, PR 109, PR 112, PR 113, PR 113:1, PR 114, PR 119, PR 120, PR 121, PR 122, PR 123, PR 139, PR 144, PR 146, PR 147, PR 148, PR 149, PR 150, PR 160, PR166, PR 168, PR 169, PR 170, PR 170:1, PR 171, PR 172, PR 173, PR 174, PR 175, PR 176, PR 177, PR 178, PR 179, PR 180, PR 181, PR 183, PR 184, PR 185, PR 187, PR 188, PR 190, PR 192, PR 193, PR 194, PR197; PR 200, PR 202, PR 204, PR 206, PR 207, PR 208, PR 209, PR 210, PR 211, PR 212, PR 213, PR214, PR 216, PR220 PR221, PR 223, PR 224, PR 226, PR 230, PR 231, PR 232, PR 233, PR 235, PR 236, PR 238, PR 239, PR 242, PR 243, PR 245, PR 251, PR 252, PR 253, PR 254, PR 255, PR 256, PR 257, PR 258, PR 259, PR 260, PR 262, PR 264, PR 265, PR 266, PR 268, PR 269, PR 270, PR 271, PR 272, PR 273, PR 274, PR 275, PR 276, PR 279, PR 282, PR 286, PR 287, PR 288, PR 571?,
Cinnabar; Cobalt Red; Egyptian Red Gold; Fuchsite; Garnet; Granite; Piemontite; Pipestone; Pozzuolana Red Earth; Quinacridone pyrrolidone PR; Realgar; Red Coral; Red Jasper; Red Powdered Glass; Red Porphyry; Rhodonite; Sedona

Where applicable, you can click on the artist paint or pigment company code found in the "Common Historic and Marketing Name Column" next to the pigments name. The links will take off site where you can find more specific paint, binder, and pigment properties, including MSDS sheets or a retailer that stocks that brand of paint or pigment. Just hit your back button to return. See the Key at the bottom of any page for the artist media or binder company codes and links to the brands websites. NOTE: d in italics indicates a discontinued paint or pigment, all other medium or binder codes in italics mean the pigment/paint is in the student grade, not the "artist's" professional premium paint. See the Key (at the bottom of the page) for artist media and binder codes.

Historic Red Pigments Historic Red Pigments and Mineral Pigments without Color Index Names
Historic Red Pigments Without C.I. Names  |  CI Natural Red  |  CI Pigment Red  | KEYPage Top^

Color Index Generic Name
CI Common or Historical Name
Common, Historic and
Marketing Names
C.I.
Constitution Number
Chemical Composition
Color Description
† = Long Term Effects of Light
Opacity
1 = opaque
4 = trans.
Light
Fastness
I = excell.
IV=Fugitive

Oil Absorption
g/100g
Toxic
Side Notes

N/A

Cinnabar

Chinese Cinnabar;

Chinese red;

Cinnabar [GEN | KP.p | NP.p];

Cinnabar (Coarse) [NP.p];

Cinnabar dark [KP.p];

Cinnabar SHINSYA [KP.p];

Cinnabarite;

Cinnibar;

Cold Cinnabar (Coarse) [NP.p];

Llimpi Merkurblende;

Mercurblende;

Minium;

Natural Cinnabar [KP.p];

Natural Cinnabar Monte Amiata [KP.p];

Nium;

Pigment Red 106;

Quecksilbersulfidrot;

Sulfur Red Mercury;

Vermeil Zinnober;

Vermillion;

Vermilion [NP.ad.o,p];

Warm Cinnabar [NP.p]

N/A

Natural Mercuric Sulfide may have some impurities;

Making pigments: Vermillion at webexhibits.org;

Bright Scarlet to to red brown

1

I-II*

L

C

MSDS

* light fastness seems to be affected by sulfides, hydrothermal silica, preparation and impurities. (Mineral Reference);

According to the Pigment Compendium, 2008 Cinnabar based pigments only darken when they contain traces of chlorine or exposed to halogens. Also "blackening and fading in vermilion are always due to adulteration ‘by mixture with lake, carmine or by red or orange lead’."

(Ref Pigment Compendium p.383);

(Picture at mindat.org);

Natural mineral said to be more stable than synthetic vermilion (Natural Pigments Ref).

N/A

Cobalt Red

Cobalt Pink;

Cobalt Red;

Kobaltrot;

Rose De Cobalt

N/A

Cobalt Magnesium Oxide;

Magnesium cobalt oxide;

"This little-used pigment should consist of the oxides of magnesium and cobalt. It is prepared at a high temperature and is quite permanent." (Ref The Chemistry Of Paints And Painting", Church, 1915);

-

-

I

-

B

‘There are obtainable from cobalt by different processes rose and red colours of more or less beauty and intensity, but all vastly inferior to those of madder [q.v.], in whose absence alone they could gain a place on the palette. They are generally characterized by a fatal chalkiness, and poorness of hue. More expensive than the madder colours, and without their purity, depth, or transparency cobalt reds have often been offered as pigments, and as often declined.’ Salter (1869) (Ref Pigment Compendium, 2008, p.122);

N/A

Egyptian Red Gold

Egyptian Red Gold;

Gold-silver Sulfide;

Red Gold

N/A

Gold-silver Sulfide (AgAuS);

Deep bluish red

-

-

-

-

Reportedly found on a number of Egyptian artifacts. (Ref Pigment Compendium, 2008, p.177);

Egyptian Red Gold may be a corrosion product article at The Metropolitan Museum of Art's website (Ref)

N/A

Fuchsite (Red)

Red Fuchsite Genuine* [DS.w];

Muscovite

N/A

Red Fuchsite

Dull red

4

I

-

A

* more info on the Dan Smith PrimaTek™ artist paints and other minerals used for art pigments at the watercolor Handprint.com site.

N/A

Garnet

Almandine;

American Ruby**;

Bohemian Ruby**;

Carbuncle;

Garnet Genuine*** [DS.w];

Garnet Powder Red [KP.p];

Garnet Sakura-Nezumi [KP.p];

Garnet Sand Red;

Pyrope;

Red Garnet;

Rocky Mountain Ruby**

N/A

Garnet mineral;

CAS 1302-62-1

Light to deep blueish pink*

4

I

-

A

Rhodonite (see below) is a variety of Garnet;

* Garnets exist in all colors except blue;

** Not a real ruby;

(Pyrope Ref);

(Almandine Ref);

*** more info on the Dan Smith PrimaTek™ artist paints and other minerals used for art pigments at the watercolor Handprint.com site.

N/A

Granite

Granite;

Granite, Brown [KP.p];

Red Granite;

N/A

Quartz and mixed oxides (Ref)

light brown

-

I

-

A

(Ref)

N/A

Piemontite

Piedmontite;

Piemonite;

Piemontite;

Piemontite Genuine* [DS.w]

N/A

Aluminosilicates of Manganese (Ref)

Deep Scarlet

3

I

-

A

* more info on the Dan Smith PrimaTek™ artist paints and other minerals used for art pigments at the watercolor Handprint.com site.

N/A

Pipestone

Argillite;

Catlinite;

Minnesota Pipestone [DS.o.w];

Natural Pipestone;

Pink Pipestone;

Pink Pipestone (Catlinite) [NP.p];

Pipestone;

Sacred Red Stone

N/A

Pink clay stone consisting of Iron Oxide and Clay

Light Red or Pink

1-2

I

M

A

Was used by Native Americans to make sacred pipes.(Ref)

N/A

Pozzuolana Red Earth

Pozzuolana Red Earth [KP.p];

Terra Pozzuolana

N/A

Highly hydraulic volcanic pumice from Umbria, Italy

light bluish pink

-

I

-

A

-

N/A

Quinacridone pyrrolidone PR

Blood Red [OH.a];

Quinacridone pyrrolidone PR;

Quinacridone Red-Orange [LQ.a];

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [HO | WN.wo];

Permanent Carmine [WN.o.w.wp.];

Madder (hue);

Madder Red Dark (hue) [SCH]

N/A

Quinacridone and pyrrolidone co-precipitated

Deep dark bluish red

†Dulls, Fades

4

II

-

A

MSDS

-

N/A

Realgar

Arsenic Rouge;

Burnt Orpiment;

Eolite;

Oropimente Quemado;

Realgar [GEN | NP.p];

Realgarite;

Red Arsenic;

Red Orpiment;

Rahj al ghar;

Rejalgar;

Risagallo;

Risigallum;

Ruby Sulfur;

Ruby Sulphur;

Sandaracha

N/A

Natural mineral or synthetic

Arsenic Sulfide; (Ref Boston Fine Arts)

Making pigments: Realgar at webexhibits.org;

Bright Orange Red

†hue shift towards yellow

1

III*

-

D

MSDS

MSDS

Said to be incompatible with lead or copper pigments (Ref Natural Pigments);

*exposure to sunlight may convert some pigment into Pararealgar, a yellow pigment (Ref mindat.org)

N/A

Red Coral

Corallium Japonicum;

Coral Pink [KP.p];

Dragon’s Blood**;

Japan coral;

Koikuchi-Sangomatu [KP.p];

Precious coral;

Red Coral [KP.p];

Sango Matsu;

Koikuti-Sango-Matsu

N/A

Mostly calcium carbonate. Composed of skeletons from colonies of soft-bodied marine animals of the class Cnidaria Anthozoa.;

"The warm pink tones associated with corals used for pigments are derived from the slow growing, red precious corals, Corallium japonicum and C. secundum" (Ref Pigment Compendium, 2008, p.137);

Light pink

1-4***

-

-

A

Red Coral (precious coral) is the most valuable; and makes a delicate pink pigment. Used mostly in Japan.

** (Ref) Raman spectroscopic analysis of dragon’s blood resins, Edwards, Oliveira, Prendergast, 2003

*** depends on binder, probably too transparent in oil to be useful.

N/A

Red Jasper

Brecciated Jasper;

Brown Egyptian Jasper;

Radiolarian Rock;

Red African Jasper;

Red Jasper [KP.p];

N/A

Amorphous quartz, colored red by iron (III) (Pigment Ref);

Impure Silica The Red coming mostly from Iron Oxides (Mineral Ref mindat.org ); (wikipedia Ref)

Deep red

4

I

-

A

MSDS

(Ref: Taylor, Jennifer L.; Development of an infrared spectral library of pigments used in ancient art c1994)

N/A

Red Powdered Colored Glass

Benishinsya Red [KP.p];

Iwa-enogu;

Iwaenogu;

IWA-Enogu® [KP.p];

Iwaaka Carnation Red [KP.p];

Iwabeni Scarlet [KP.p];

Iwahi Red [KP.p];

Iwamomo, pink [KP.p];

Iwashikou Crimson [KP.p];

Kibeni Orange [KP.p];

Shinsia, blackberry [KP.p]

N/A

Synthetic Iwa-enogu made of ground glass; Sodium aluminium silicate glass colored with metal oxides

Orange to deep red

-

I

-

A

-

N/A

Red Porphyry

Augit Porphyry Crimson Red [KA.p];

Augit Porphyry Light Violet [KA.p];

Augite Porphyry;

Porfido Rosso;

Porfido Rosso Antico;

Red Porphyry

 

"The English form of the Latin word porphyrites, used by the Romans to designate a certain rock having a dark-crimson ground through which are scattered small crystals of feldspar. In Pliny's time this rock, quarried in Egypt, was used extensively for architectural and ornamental purposes, and especially for the base or lower part of busts To the Italians it became known as porfido rosso anlico. Other rocks having a similar structure, commonly called porphyritic, were used in Italy, and designated, in accordance with the predominating color, as porfido nero, porfido verde, etc. (Reference from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia; Whitney, Smith, 191. pg.4628);

Deep red to violet also in green

-

I

-

A

porphyrization: The process of grinding a substance with a muller on a slab of porphyry or other hard stone. It is much used in the preparation of colors. (Reference from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia; Whitney, Smith, c1911. pg.4628);

N/A

Rhodonite

Fowlerite;

Rhodonite;

Rhodonite Genuine* [DS.o.w]

N/A

Mineral Rhodonite; Crystalline manganese inosilicate

Brilliant rose pink to brownish grey

4

I

-

A

Semi precious stone sometimes used as a jewel;

(Ref mindat.org and Pic);

(Lots of Pics)

Rhodonite is the official gem of Commonwealth of Massachusetts;

* more info on the Dan Smith PrimaTek™ artist paints and other minerals used for art pigments at the watercolor Handprint.com site;

N/A

Sedona

Red Ochre;

Sedona Genuine [DS.o.w]

N/A

Natural Red Ochre

Violet red brown

1

I

-

A

* more info on the Dan Smith PrimaTek™ artist paints and other minerals used for art pigments at the watercolor Handprint.com site

HostMonster

Natural Red Pigments Natural Red - Color Index Name: NR
Historic Red Pigments Without C.I. Names  |  CI Natural Red  |  CI Pigment Red  | KEYPage Top^

Color Index Generic Name
CI Common or Historical Name
Common, Historic and
Marketing Names
C.I.
Constitution Number
Chemical Composition
Color Description
† = Long Term Effects of Light
Opacity
1 = opaque
4 = trans.
Light
Fastness
I = excell.
IV=Fugitive

Oil Absorption
g/100g
Toxic
Side Notes

NR1

Sophoretin

C.I. Natural Red 1;

Meletin;

Natural Red 1;

Sophoretin

-

Laked extract of Toon or Indian mahogany tree berries;

CAS 117-39-5

-

-

-

-

A

 

NR2

Monascus Red

C.I. Natural Red 12;

Monascus Red;

Natural Red 2

-

Monascus (red fermented rice);

Monascus purpureus fungus

Dark orange red to purple

4

III

-

A

-

NR3

Kermes

Alkermes;

C.I. Natural Red 3;

Crimson;

Grana;

Grain Lake;

Hysginum;

Kermen;

Kermen vermilio;

Kermes;

Kermes Lake;

Kermesic acid;

Natural Red 3;

Scarlet;

Venetian scarlet;

Vermiculum

75460

Kermesic acid;

Laked extract from the bodies of the insect Kermes ilices (also known as Coccus ilicis). It is chemically very similar to carmine (NR3);

CAS 476-35-7

Yellow red;

†Fades

4

-

-

A

Mentioned in the Bible book of Genesis (38:28) as scarlet or crimson (Ref)

NR4

Cochineal

Burnt Carmine;

Carmine [WNd];

Carmine Extra-Fine Genuine [SE];

Carmine (genuine) [SE.w];

Carmine Lake;

Carmine Naccarat [KP.p];

C.I. Natural Red 4;

Cocciniglia;

Coccus Cacti Extract;

Cochinilla;

Cochenille [KP.p];

Cochineal [NP.p];

Cochineal Extract;

Cochineal Tincture;

Cochineal Lake;

Crimson Lake;

Florentine Lake;

Grana;

Grana Cochinilla;

Hamburgh Lake;

Indian Purple*;

Natural Red 4;

Parisian Lake;

Sanred 1;

Venetian Lake;

Viennese Lake;

Zacatillo

75470

Laked extract from dried bodies of the female cochineal insect (Coccus cacti);

Color mostly from carminic acid, kermes acid and laccainic acid D.;

How Carmine is made at webexhibits.org

Cochineal: CAS 1343-78-8

Carmine: CAS 1390-65-4

Carminic Acid: CAS 1260-17-9

Dark deep to mid red;

†Fades

4

III

-

A

May be effected by very basic or very acidic  conditions (Ref)

* Indian purple is carmine precipitated on a copper base (Ref);

NR6

Chayroot

Alizarin;

Chayroot;

C.I. Natural Red 6;

Madder;

Natural Red 6

-

Root of Hedyotis Umbellata;

alizarin:

CAS 72-48-0;

Rubierythric Acid:

CAS 152-84-1

Deep bluish red

-

III

-

A

-

NR8

Alizarin Crimson

Aal;

Alizarin Carmine;

Alizarin Crimson;

Alizarin Purple;

Alizarin Purpurin;

Alizarin Red;

Anthraquinone Purple;

C.I. Natural Red 8;

Krapplack;

Laque de Garance;

Natural Red 8;

Natural Rose Madder;

Madder Lake [KP.p];

Madder Lake, Brown [KP.p];

Madder Lake, Carmesine Red [KP.p];

Madder Lake, dark red [KP.p];

Madder Lake, Hazelnut [KP.p];

Madder Lake HOFF [KP.p];

Madder Lake, Orange [KP.p];

Madder Lake Perego, dark [KP.p];

Madder Lake Perego, pale [KP.p];

Madder Lake, Salmon [KP.p];

Madder Lake, violet [KP.p];

Madder Lake, violet-brown [KP.p];

Natural Red 8;

Turkey Madder;

Compare NR9 and PR83

58205

75330

75410

75340

Rubia tinctorium;

Garancine (Pigment Ref);

Anthraquinone Lake;

Making pigments: Madder Lake at webexhibits.org

alizarin:

CAS 72-48-0;

rubiadin:

CAS 117-02-2;

purpuroxanthin-carboxylic acid:

CAS 478-06-8;

xanthopurpurin:

CAS 518-83-2

purpurin:

CAS 81-54-9

pseudopurpurin:

CAS 476-41-5

Deep violet to bluish red to cardinal red to reddish orange*

4

III

-

A

* Color depends on method of manufacture and the metal salt the madder is fixed on. Tin salts giving more yellowish shades.

NR9

Madder Lake

Alizarin;

Alizarin Crimson;

Alizarin Red;

Alizarine;

Adrianople Red;

Alsatian madder;

Avignon madder;

C.I. Natural Red 9;

Cory’s Brown Madder;

Cory’s Yellow Madder;

Dutch madder;

Dyer's Root;

Extra Purple Madder [WNd];

Field’s Purple;

Garancia;

Garancine;

Garanza;

Granzuolli;

Krapp;

Krapplack;

Lacca di Robbia;

Laca de Rubia;

Lake of Natural Madder;

Laque de Garance;

Levant Red;

Madder Carmine;

Madder Lake [KP.p];

Madder Lake, yellowish [KP.p];

Madder Orange;

Madder Purple;

Madder Root [NP.p];

Madder Yellow;

Natural Madder;

Natural Red 9;

Orange Lake;

Orange Madder;

Pink Madder;

Purpurin;

Purple Rubiate;

Rose Doré [WN.o];

Rose Madder [BR];

Rose Madder Deep [WNd];

Rose Madder Genuine [DS.w | WN.o.w.wp.wp(L)];

Rubia Tinctorum;

Ruben’s Madder;

Steiner lake;

Turkey Red;

Turkey Red Madder;

Warantia,

Waranciam;

Warencia;

Waranz;

Compare NR8 and PR83

75330; 75420

Lake of the extract from Madder roots (Rubia tinctorium), usually precipitated on aluminium hydrate or Tin;

(Madder Ref at Boston Fine Arts);

Alizarin (1;2-dihydroxy anthraquinone);

Purpurin (1;2;4-trihydroxy anthraquinone):

Making pigments: Madder Lake at webexhibits.org

CAS 71538-26-6;

alizarin:

CAS 72-48-0;

pseudopurpurin:

CAS 476-41-5

Deep blueish pink red to yellowish red*

†Fades, Dulls, Hue shift towards blueish or yellowish

4

III

80

A

*color depends on method of manufacture and the metal salt the madder is fixed on.

NR10

Alizarin

Alizarin;

C.I. Natural Red 10;

Madder;

Natural Red 10

75330

alizarin:

CAS 72-48-0;

Rubierythric Acid:

CAS 152-84-1

Deep bluish red

4

III

-

A

-

NR11

Alizarin

Alizarin;

C.I. Natural Red 11;

Madder;

Natural Red 11

75330

alizarin:

CAS 72-48-0;

Rubierythric Acid:

CAS 152-84-1

Deep bluish red

4

III

-

A

-

NR12

Alizarin

Alizarin;

C.I. Natural Red 12;

Madder;

Natural Red 12

75330

alizarin:

CAS 72-48-0;

Rubierythric Acid:

CAS 152-84-1

Deep bluish red

4

III

-

A

-

NR16

Alizarin Purple

Alizarin Purple;

Alizarin Violet;

Anthraquinone Lake 75410;

Anthraquinone Purple;

C.I. Natural Red 16;

Natural Red 16;

Purpurin;

purpurine

58205

75410

Purpurin and Purpuroxanthin;

Rubia tinctorium;

(Ref at Boston Fine Arts);

xanthopurpurin:

CAS 518-83-2;

rubiadin:

CAS 117-02-2;

purpuroxanthin-carboxylic acid:

CAS 478-06-8;

purpurin:

CAS 81-54-9

Deep bluish/ violet red

4

IV

-

A

-

NR20

Alkanet

Alcanna Tinctoria;

Aldanet;

Alkanna alkannan;

Alkanet Root [GEN | KA | NP.p];

Alkannin;

Anchusin;

Bugloss;

C.I. Natural Red 20;

Dyer's Alkanet;

Dyer's Bugloss (Alcanna tinctoria);

Natural Red 20;

Red;

Orchanet Root;

Orkane;

Spanish Bugloss;

Violet Carmine (hue);

75520;

75530

A natural red dye obtained from the roots of two species of plants, the false alkanet plant, Anchusa officinalis (and A. tinctoria) and the true alkanet plant, Lawsonia alba. (Ref at Boston Fine Arts);

alkannan:

CAS 517-90-8

alkannin:

CAS 23444-65-7

CAS 85251-58-7

Dark purple red-brown

4

IV

-

A

(Ref Natural Pigments)

NR22

Santalin

C.I. Natural Red 22;

Natural Red 22;

Red Saunders Dye;

Red Sanders Dye;

Sandalwood, powder [KP.p];

Sandalwood Red;

Sandal Wood Shavings [KA]

75510

Isosantalin;

Santalin-A, santalin-B (Deoxysantalin); Extracted from the heartwood of Indian Red Sanders tree (Pterocarpus Santalinus)

deoxysantalin:

CAS 6771-96-6

Reddish violet

4

IV

-

A

MSDS

-

NR23

Rheumine

C.I. Natural Red 23;

Natural Red 23;

Rhubarb root

75510

1;8-Dihydroxy-3-

methylanthra

quinone;

deoxysantalin:

CAS 6771-96-6

Dull dark purple red

4

IV

-

A

-

NR24

Brazilin

Brazil;

Brazilin;

Brazilwood;

Brazilwood Sawdust [NP.p];

Brazil Wood Shavings [KA.p];

C.I. Natural Red 24;

Lignum Fernambuci;

Natural Red 24;

Pernambuco;

Sappanwood

75280

Brazilwood (Caesalpinia echinata) Red Dye Lake;

Brazilin (leuco form);

Brazilein (oxidized form);

(Ref)

Preparation of Lake Pigment here at Natural Pigments;

Purplish to orange red

4

IV

-

A

MSDS

-

NR25

Lac Lake

Bengal Lac;

Cake Lac;

Caked Lac;

C.I. Natural Red 25;

Gomme Laque;

Grained Lac;

Gum Lac;

Gummilack;

Indian Lake;

Kadi lakh;

Lac Dye [KP.p | NP.p];

Lac;

Laca;

Lacca;

Lac Lake;

Lakka;

Lic-Lac;

Natural Lacaic Acid;

Natural Red 25;

Seed-lac;

Rangbatti

75450

Extracted from shellac resin excreted by the lac insect, Laccifer Llacca or Coccus lacca; Natural laccaic acid; Lac Dye precipitated with Aluminium Hydroxide;

CAS 476-41-5

Dark dull red

4

III

-

A

-

NR26

Carthamus Red

Carthamus Red;

Carthame;

Carthamic Acid

Carthamin;

C.I. Natural Red 26;

False Saffron;

Natural Red 26;

Safflower Red;

-

Carthamic Acid; Extract obtained from the flowers of safflower Carthamus tinctoria

-

4

IV

-

A

-

NR28

Archil

Archil;

C.I. Natural Red 28;

Citrus Red 2;

Cudbear;

French Purple;

Lacmus;

Litmus;

Natural Red 28;

Orcein;

Orchil;

Red Indigo

758600

Dye extracted from several species of lichen Rocella tinctoria also called orchella weeds; Now made from orcinol by hydrogen peroxide oxidation; (Ref);

CAS 1400-62-0

Reddish brown to Purple

4

IV

-

A

Acidic or basic environment changes color, used to make litmus paper.

NR31

Dragon's Blood

C.I. Natural Red 31;

Dragon's Blood;

Dragon's Blood IYDAHA [KP.p];

Dragon's Blood, powder [KP.p];

Natural Red 31;

Palm Dragon’s Blood;

Sanguis Draconis;

Socotra Dragon’s Blood

75200

75210

Laked Resinous extraction the Rattan palm tree, Daemonorps

Draco;

Raman spectroscopy
(Ref Spectrochimica Acta);
(Ref: Raman spectroscopic analysis of dragon’s blood resins, Edwards, Oliveira, Prendergast, c 2003)

Dracaena Cinnabari;

Draccorubin (CI 75200) and Dracorhodin (CI 75210)

Pink, deep red brown or orange red;

†Fades and dulls, hue shift towards brown

4

IV

-

A

MSDS

-

Infinate Tattoo

Pigment Red Pigment Red - Color Index Name: PR
Historic Red Pigments Without C.I. Names  |  CI Natural Red  |  CI Pigment Red  | KEYPage Top^

Color Index Generic Name
CI Common or Historical Name
Common, Historic and
Marketing Names
C.I.
Constitution Number
Chemical Composition
Color Description
† = Long Term Effects of Light
Opacity
1 = opaque
4 = trans.
Light
Fastness
I = excell.
IV=Fugitive

Oil Absorption
g/100g
Toxic
Side Notes

PR1

Pigment Red 1

C.I. Pigment Red 1;

Para Red Extra Light;

Pigment Red B;

Pigment Red 1;

Pigment Red 1 Dark;

Pigment Red 1 light

12070

Monoazo;

CAS 6410-10-2

Light & Dark warm red

-

III

-

A

-

PR2

Naphthol Red G

C.I. Pigment Red 2;

Fast Red F2R;

Flame Red [DR.g];

Heuco Red;

Naphthol Red;

Naphthol Red FRR;

Naphthol Red Light;

Pigment Red 2

12310

Monoazo;

Azomethine

CAS 6041-94-7

Yellowish red (tint pink); Blueish Red*

-

II

45-81

A

MSDS

*Blue and Yellow shades

PR3

Toluidine Red

Barn Red;

Blockx Red [BXd];

Bright Red [CL];

Cadmium Red Purple Light Substitute [SE.p];

Chinese Red

Vermilion Hue;

Chinese Vermilion Substitute [SE.p];

C.I. Pigment Red 3;

Cinnabar Red [EP.p];

Cinnabar Red Deep (hue) [LK];

Eljon Red;

Eljon Scarlet;

Geranium Lake [MR.o];

Hansa Red;

Hansa Scarlet RNC;

Harrison Red;

Helio Red;

Helio Fast Red;

Helios Red [SE.p];

Imitation Vermilion;

Kenalake Scarlet;

Lithol Red;

Madder Lake (hue) [PF.w];

Monoazo Red;

Naphthol Red;

Permanent Intense Red [SE.t];

Pigment Red 3;

Poster Red [AS];

Scarlet;

Scarlet Lake [DRd];

Solintor Scarlet;

Spectrum Red;

Studio Red, Helio [KP.p];

Sunbrite Red;

Toluidine Red BS;

Vermilion Hue;

Winsor Red [WNd];

12120

Monoazo;

Beta Naphthol Toluidine;

CAS 2425-85-6

Dark yellow to blue shade red*;

†Fades

2

II-III**

BWS
6-7; 4; 3
(Sun Chemical)

40

A

MSDS

may require wetting agent;

*Blue and Yellow shades

** not recommended for permanent art work.

PR4

Permanent Red R

Aniline Red;

Brilliant Red [DR.g | MA.a];

Blazing Red;

Cadmium Red Light Substitute [SE.p];

Chinese Red Vermilion Hue;

Chlorinated Para Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 4;

Cinnabar Red Light (hue) [LK];

D&C Red No 36 308260;

FAST RED R;

Fire Red [CL];

Flaming Red;

French Vermilion Red (hue) [SE.os];

French Vermilion (hue) [SE.os];

Hansa Red R;

Magenta;

Permanent Red R;

Pigment Red 4;

Red Orange;

Signal Red;

Tangerine [DR.g];

Vermilion (hue) [MR.o | SCH | SE.t];

Vermilion Red (hue);

12085

Monoazo;

Beta naphthol;

Chlorinated para-nitroaniline;

Chlor-Ortho-Nitraniline;

Aniline Red; (Ref at Boston Fine Arts CAMEO);

CAS 2814-77-9

Bright Yellowish Red, Reddish orange

1

II-III*

30

A

MSDS

The classic lipstick Red;

* not recommended for permanent art work.

PR5

Naphthol Red DK

Carmine (hue) [DR | HO.g];

Carmine Red (hue) [PF];

C.I. Pigment Red 5;

Crimson [DR];

Fast Carmine FB;

Magenta [PF.o];

Naphthol Carmine FB;

Naphthol Crimson [DR.a];

Naphthol ITR;

Naphthol Red [DR.a];

Naphthol Red DK;

Naphthol Red Medium [GO.a.ab.af.ao];

Permanent Carmine [PF.w];

Permanent Carmine FB;

Pigment Red 5

12490

Monoazo;

Naphthol;

CAS 6410-41-9

Bright Light Blueish Red

3

II

BWS
7;5-6;4-5
(guerra paint)

40

A

-

PR6

Permanent Red Y

C.I. Pigment Red 6;

Parachlor Red;

Permanent Red Y;

Pigment Red 6;

Sunglow Red

12090

Monoazo;

CAS 6410-13-5

Bright yellowish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR7

Naphthol Crimson Red AS-TR

Alizarine Red [GU];

Brilliant Alizarine (hue);

C.I. Pigment Red 7;

Naphthol Red AS-TR;

Permanent Carmine;

Permanent Crimson;

Pigment Red 7;

Purple Madder (hue) [RGH.o]

12420

Monoazo;

Naphthol AS;

Bright Blue Red

3

II

BWS
7-8;6-7;6
(guerra paint)

40

A

 

PR8

Permanent Red F4R

C.I. Pigment Red 8;

FAST RED F4R;

Naphthol Red;

Pigment Red 8

12335

Monoazo;

Naphthol;

CAS 6410-30-6

Yellowish red, bluish pink undertone

2

III

50

A

-

PR9

Naphthol AS Red

Brilliant Red [MA.a];

Brilliant Red Light;

Cadmium Red Hue [DR.w];

Cadmium Red Imitation;

Cadmium Scarlet Hue [CR.a];

C.I. Pigment Red 9;

Flame Red [HO.a.g];

Hostafine Red FRLL;

London Red [WNd];

Naphthol AS-OL;

Naphthol Red FRLL;

Naphthol Red Deep;

Naphthol Red Light [DB.a | CR.ao.o | LQ.a];

Naphthol Scarlet [GB.o.o];

Permanent Red [LA.a | MA.p];

Permanent Red Deep [LKd];

Permanent Red FRLL [KP.p];

Permanent Scarlet;

Pigment Red 9;

Poppy Red [AS];

Red Vermilion (hue) [LB.av];

Scarlet [HO.ag];

Ton Rouge de Cadmium Clair [LB.o];

Vermillion (hue) [LK];

Vermilion Hue [DR.a.a(s3hb).a(s3mb) | WN.a.a];

Vermillion Deep (hue) [LK];

Vermilion light (hue) [LK];

Vermilion Red Deep (hue)

12460

Monoazo;

Naphthol;

LBNL Pigment Database Spectral radiative properties;

Naphthol Red Light

CAS 6410-38-4

Bright Yellowish Red, blue/pink undertone;

†Fades

3

II

BWS
7;6-7;6

40

A

MSDS

-

PR12

Permanent Bordeaux TRR

Bordeaux [AS | MA.a];

Bordeaux Red [KP.pd];

Cadmium Red Hue [WNd];

Carmin [LB.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 12;

Permanent Red TRR;

Rubine;

Pigment Red 12;

Studio Bordeaux [KP.p]

12385

Monoazo;

Naphthol;

CAS 6410-32-8

Bluish red

-

II

40

A

-

PR13

Toluidine Maroon

C.I. Pigment Red 13;

Pigment Red 13;

Toluidine Red RN;

Toluidine Maroon

12395

Toluidine;

CAS 6535-47-3

Dark red

3

II

40

A

-

PR14

Permanent Bordeaux FGR

Bordeaux Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 14;

Crimson;

Helio Fast Bordeaux BR;

Naphthol Red FGR;

Pigment Bordeaux FGR;

Pigment Red 14

12380

Monoazo;

CAS 6471-50-7

Bluish red

-

II

-

A

-

PR15

Permanent Maroon Medium

C.I. Pigment Red 15;

Permanent Maroon Medium;

Pigment Red 15

12465

Monoazo;

CAS 6410-39-5

Dull bluish red

-

II

-

A

-

PR17

Pigment Red 17

Cadmium Red Deep Hue [LQ.ad];

C.I. Pigment Red 17;

Naphthol Red;

Pigment Red 17;

Poppy Red;

Scarlet

12390

Monoazo;

Naphthol;

CAS 6655-84-1

Bright red

-

III

-

A

-

PR19

Arylide Maroon

Arylide Maroon Dark;

C.I. Pigment Red 19;

Pigment Red 19

-

Azomethine

Maroon

-

-

-

-

obsolete

PR21

Pigment Red 21

Cadmium Red Light Hue [LQ.ad];

C.I. Pigment Red 21;

FAST RED 2R;

Permanent Red FR;

Pigment Red 21

12300

Monoazo;

CAS 6410-26-0

Bright yellowish red

1

II

40

A

-

PR22

Naphthol Red Bright

Art Red;

Brilliant Red-B;

C.I. Pigment Red 22;

Devil's Red;

FAST SCARLET N;

Naphthol Red Bright;

Naphthol Red Light;

Naphthol Red Light Shade;

Opaque Scarlet [HO.af.];

Pigment Red 22;

Scarlet [HO.af.];

Solfast scarlet

12315

Monoazo;

CAS 6448-95-9

bright blueish shade red

1

III

45

A

MSDS

-

PR23

Naphthol Red Dark

Carmine (hue) [RT.a];

Carmine Hue;

C.I. Pigment Red 23;

Crimson Lake [HO.w];

Fast Rose Red;

Jewel Red;

Madder Lake (hue) [RTd];

Naphthol Carmine;

Naphthol Red Dark;

Naphthol AS;

Permanent Red;

Pigment Red 23;

Solfast scarlet dark

12355

Monoazo;

CAS 6471-49-4

Dark dull deep red

3

III

45

A

-

PR31

Naphthol Red Extra Dark

C.I. Pigment Red 31;

Naphthol Red 31;

Naphthol Red Extra Dark;

Magenta [HO.af];

Opaque Magenta [HO.af];

Pigment Red 31;

Red Violet;

Vulcan Fast Bordeaux BF

12360

Monoazo;

CAS 6448-96-0

Bluish red

1

I-II-III?*

45

A

Same as PR 212? (Ref);

* conflicting info

PR32

Pigment Red 32

C.I. Pigment Red 32;

Pigment Red 32;

Vulcan Fast Rubine RF

12320

Monoazo;

CAS 6410-29-3

Bluish red

-

II

40

A

-

PR38

Pyrazolone Red

C.I. Pigment Red 38;

Pyrazolone Red [WL.o];

Permanent Red Deep [WL.o];

Pyrazolone Red Scarlet [WL.o];

Pigment Red 38

21120

Disazo;

CAS 6358-87-8

Bluish to yellowish red

2

II

50

A

-

PR39

Arsenic Sulphide

Arsenic Rouge;

Arsenic Sulfide;

Arsenic Sulphide;

C.I. Pigment Red 39;

Eolite;

Pigment Red 39;

Realgar [GEN | NP.p];

Realgarite;

Red Arsenic;

Red Arsenic Sulphide;

Red Orpiment;

Rahj al ghar;

Rejalgar;

Risagallo;

Risigallum;

Ruby Arsenic;

Ruby Sulfur;

Ruby Sulphur;

Sandaracha

-

Natural mineral or synthetic

Arsenic Sulfide;

Making pigments: Realgar at webexhibits.org;

CAS 1303-32-8

Bright Orange Red

†hue shift towards yellow

1

III*

-

D

MSDS

Said to be incompatible with lead or copper pigments (Ref Natural Pigments);

* exposure to sunlight may convert some pigment into Pararealgar, a yellow pigment (Ref Mineral from mindat.org)

PR47

Pigment Red 47

C.I. Pigment Red 47;

Fast Orange FR;

Pigment Red 47

-

Organic

Bright yellowish red

-

-

-

-

-

PR48

Permanent Red BB

Beta oxynaphtholic acid scarlet;

Cadmium Red Hue [HO.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 48;

Pigment Red 48;

Scarlet Lake [HO.w | SH.w];

Watching Red

15865

Monoazo;

Beta OxyNaphtholic Acid;

CAS 3564-21-4;

CAS 16013-44-8

Light yellowish scarlet red †Fades, hue shift: bluer

3

III

45

A

-

PR48:1

Permanent Red BB [FIAT]

C.I. Pigment Red 48:1;

Citation Red Light Barium;

FAST SCARLET BBN;

Omnicryl Barium Red;

Permanent Red BB [FIAT];

Pigment Red 48:1

Red 2B Yellow Shade

15865:1

Monoazo;

Barium Base;

CAS 7585-41-3

Bright yellowish red

3

III

45

A

MSDS

-

PR48:2

Permanent Red BB

BRILLIANT RED BBC;

Cadmium Red Purple Hue;

C.I. Pigment Red 48:2;

IRGALITE(R) Red;

Lithol Scarlet;

MONO AZO BASALT;

Permanent Red 2BCL;

Permanent Red BB [FIAT];

Pigment Red 48:2;

Red 2B Blue Shade

15865:2

Monoazo;

Calcium Base;

CAS 7023-61-2

Yellower to bluer than PR 48:1

3

III

45-91

A

MSDS

-

PR48:3

Irgalite Red 2BY

2B-acid-Sr;

C.I. Pigment Red 48:3;

Geranium;

Heuco Red;

Irgalite Red 2BY;

Permanent Red I [HO];

Pigment Red 48:3;

Rose Malmaison;

Scarlet Lake Deep [MH]

15865:3

Monoazo;

Strontium Salt;

CAS 15782-05-5

Bright Magenta shade

4

III

45

A

-

PR48:4

Permanent Red 2B

Bonithol Red;

Carmine (hue) [CH | MA];

C.I. Pigment Red 48:4;

Crimson [CR.ao.o];

Mauve [MA];

Permanent Alizarin [DB.w];

Permanent Red 2B;

Pigment Red 48:4

15865:4

Monoazo;

Manganese Base;

CAS 5208-66-0

Mid-shade red

1

II

BWS
7-8; 6-7; 6 (CR)

BWS
7-8, 5-6, 5
(Sun Chemical)

45-63

A

-

PR49

Lithol Red LN

C.I. Pigment Red 49;

Lithol Red;

Pigment Red 49

15630

Monoazo;

CAS 1248-18-6

Yellowish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR49:1

Barium Lithol Red

Barium Lithol Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 49:1

LITHOL RED R;

Pigment Red 49:1;

Rose [MA];

Suthol Red

15630:1

Monoazo;

CAS 1103-38-4

Red with blue undertone

-

III

40

A

MSDS

-

PR49:2

Calcium Lithol Red

Calcium Lithol Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 49:2;

LITHOL DARK RED;

Pigment Red 49:2

15630:2

Monoazo;

CAS 1103-39-5

Bright bluish red

-

IV

45

BWS
4-5, 2, 2
(Sun Chemical)

A

MSDS

-

PR52:1

Pigment Red 52.1

BON Rubine;

BON Rubine, non-resinated;

BON Rubine Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 52:1;

Pigment Red 51:1

15860:1

Monoazo;

CAS 17852-99-

Bright red

-

III

50

A

MSDS

-

PR52:2

Pigment Red 52.2

Bordeaux;

C.I. Pigment Red 52:2;

Lithol Scarlet Red 302;

Pigment Red 52:2;

Rose Maroon

15860:2

Monoazo;

CAS 12238-31-2

Bordeaux

-

III

40

A

-

PR53

Lake Red C

Bronze Red;

Bronze Scarlet;

C.I. Pigment Red 53;

D&C Red No 9;

Lake Red C;

Pigment Red 53;

Pigment Red Lack C

15585

Monoazo;

Beta Naphthol;

CAS 2092-56-0

Bright reddish orange-

-

III

42

A-B

ICSC

-

PR53:1

Pigment Lake Red C

3110 Bronze Red

Barium Lake;

Bronze Scarlet;

C.I. Pigment Red 53:1

Lake Red;

Pigment Red 53:1;

Red Lake C;

Red Toner C

15585:1

Monoazo;

Barium Base (Chembook Ref);

CAS 5160-2-1

Bight yellowish red

-

IV

45

A-B*

MSDS

ICSC

* See MSDS for slight hazard information.

PR 57

Sodium Lithol Rubine

C.I. Pigment Red 57;

D&C Red No. 6;

Lithol Rubine;

Pigment Red 57

15850

Monoazo;

Lithol on Sodium base;

CAS 5858-81-1

Bluish red

3

III

50-55

A

-

PR57:1

Lithol Rubine

C.I. Pigment Red 57:1;

D&C Red No 7 Calcium Lake;

Lithol Rubine;

Pigment Red 57:1;

Primary Red - Magenta [MA];

Process Magenta;

Pyroline Ruby Red [RGH.o.p];

Red Devil [MA.o(HD)];

RUBINE BK;

15850:1

Monoazo;

Lithol on Calcium base;

 

C18H12N2O6, calcium salt

 

CAS 5281-4-9

Magenta; Mid-red violet undertone

3

III

45

A*

MSDS

Used in food, drugs, and cosmetics. Often used in pink lipstick . Lithol Rubine can be used in art materials intended for children (Ref: Blick Art pigment info)

PR57:2

Pigment Red 57:2

C.I. Pigment Red 57:2;

D&C Red No.6 Lake;

Pigment Red 52:2;

Ruby

15850:2

Monoazo;

CAS 17852-98-1

Bluish red

3

III

-

A

often used in lipstick

PR58:4

Pigment Red 58:4

Bordeaux;

C.I. Pigment Red 58:4;

Crimson;

Maroon;

Pigment Red 56:4;

Rubine Toner M

15825:4

Monoazo;

CAS 52233-00-8

Bluish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR60

Permanent Rose

Acid Scarlet;

Beacon Red;

Carmine 3B;

C.I. Pigment Red 60;

Geranium ( Primary ) [HO.g];

Lighthouse Chrome Red B;

Permanent Rose [HO.w | SH.w];

Pigment Red 60;

Pigment Scarlet;

Superchrome Red B;

16105

Mordant red 9 co-precipitated on Alum hydroxide base with barium chloride; Disazo lake on a barium base;

CAS 1836-22-2

Bluish Red

-

III

-

A

-

PR60:1

Pigment Scarlet

C.I. Pigment Red 60:1;

Pigment Red 60:1;

Pigment Scarlet

16105:1

Monoazo;

CAS 1325-16-2

Bright Mid-shade to bluish red

-

II-III

82

A

-

PR61

Lake Caramine L

C.I. Pigment Red 61;

Lake Caramine L;

Pigment Red 61

24830

24830:1

Xylidine coupled with naphthol on Alumina and Barium white or Zinc white on Barium white base;

CAS 1325-29-7

-

-

-

-

-

-

PR62

Pigment Carmine 3B

Azo Red Transparent [RGH.o.p];

C.I. Pigment Red 62;

Pigment Carmine 3B;

Pigment Red 62

23295

Monoazo Barium Salt; Barium lake of m-tolidine coupled with 2-naphthol.

CAS 109823-18-9

Dark bluish red

4

II

-

A

-

PR63

Pigment Red 63

C.I. Pigment Red 63;

Lake Bordeaux BN;

Pigment Red 63

15880

Monoazo;

CAS 21416-46-6;

CAS 1325-13-9

Mid-shade red

-

-

-

A

-

PR63:1

Lithol Bordeaux

BON Maroon;

Calcium Lake;

C.I. Pigment Red 63:1;

D&C Red No 34

Deep Maroon;

Fanchon Maroon;

Lake Bordeaux BN;

Lithol Bordeaux;

Pigment Maroon Toner;

Pigment Red 63:1

15880:1

Monoazo;

CAS 6417-83-0

Bordeaux

-

III

BWS
5; 4; 3
(Sun Chemical)

45-102

A

MSDS

-

PR69

Lithol Red GG

C.I. Pigment Red 69;

Geranium (Primary) [HO];

Lithol Red GG [FIAT];

Pigment Red 69;

Pigment Red BC

15595

Monoazo; Disazo Lake

Bright yellowish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR81

Rhodamine 6G

Bengal Pink Lake;

C.I. Pigment Red 81;

D&C Red No 19;

Fast Pink Lake;

Fast Pink Toner RNT;

Pigment Red 81;

PTMA Pink;

Rhodamine 6G Lake;

Rhodamine Red;

Rhodamine Y;

45160:1

Phosphotungsto
molybdic acid;

Phosphorous, Tungsten,

Molybdenum of Rhodamine;

CAS 12224-98-5

Fluorescent bright bluish red

4

III

45

B

-

PR81:1

Rhodamine 6G [FIAT]

Brilliant Purple [SCH];

C.I. Pigment Red 81:1;

Pigment Brown 1:1?

Pigment Red 81:1;

Rhodamine 6G;

Rose Madder (hue) [CL];

Tyrian Pink [LB.av]

45160:3

Silicotungsto-molybdic acid salt of Rhodamine;

CAS 12224-98-8

Bright bluish red

4

IV

55

B

MSDS

 

PR81:2

Rhodamine YS

Brilliant Purple [SCH];

C.I. Pigment Red 81:2;

Pigment Red 81:2;

Rhodamine YS

45161:1

Silicomolybdic acid salt of Rhodamine; Triarylcarbonium

Bright bluish red

4

III

†Darkens

91-111

B

MSDS

-

PR81:3

Rhodamine YS

C.I. Pigment Red 81:3;

Crimson Lake [SE.t];

Pigment Red 81:3;

Rhodamine YS

45161:2

Phosphomolybdic acid salt of Rhodamine

Bright bluish red

4

III

-

B

-

PR81:4

Rhodamine YS PTMA

C.I. Pigment Red 81:4;

Pigment Red 81:4;

Rhodamine YS;

Rhodamine YS PTMA

45161:5

Phosphotungsto-molybdic acid salt of Rhodamine

Bright bluish red

† Hue Shift Yellower

4

III

 

-

B

MSDS

-

PR83

Alizarin Crimson

Alizarin Brown;

Alizarin Carmine [LB.o | MA.o];

Alizarin Crap Lake;

Alizarin Crimson [GEN | AS | BR | DB.o.w | DR.o | DS.a.i.o.w | GB.o.o | GR.a.o.o.w.w.wo | HO.g.o.wo | KA.o.p | KP.p | MG.a.g.o.w | MH.o | RF.e | RGH.o.p | ROSS.o.o(soft) | RT.w | SE.o.w | SV | UT.a.o.w | WL.o.p | WN.o.w.wp.wp(L)];

Alizarin Crimson Dark [KP.p];

Alizarin Crimson Deep;

Alizarin Crimson Golden [GRd];

Alizarin Crimson Lake [SE];

Alizarin Farben;

Alizarin Golden [RGH.o];

Alizarin Lake;

Alizarine Madder Deep [SCH.p];

Alizarine Madder Lake;

Alizarine Madder Lake Deep [SCH.p];

Alizarin Orange;

Alizarin Red;

Alizarine Red B;

Alizarin Red Lake [SE.p];

Alizarin Scarlet;

Alizarin Violet Lake [SE.w];

Antique Crimson [HO.w];

Brown Madder;

C.I. Pigment Red 83;

Carmine (hue) [HO.w];

Carmine (Alizarin Crimson) [HO.w.];

Carmine Red (hue) [SE.os];

Crimson Alizarin [DR.o];

Crimson Madder;

Kermes Lake [MA.o(Ren)];

Indian Lake Alizarin;

Lacca d'Alizarina Cremisina;

Laca de Garanza Cramois;

Laque d'Alizarine Carmiosie;

Madder;

Madder Brown;

Madder Carmine [WN];

Madder Lake;

Madder Lake Deep [RT.o.w];

Mordant Red 11;

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [UT.w?**];

Permanent Carmine [MA.o.o(artis).p];

Permanent Crimson;

Permanent Rose Madder [SI.p];

Permanent Violet;

Pigment Red 83;

Red Scarlet;

Rose Doré (Alizarin);

Rose Madder [BX.o.w | HO.w | SH.w | WNd];

Rose Madder Alizarin;

Rose Madder Deep [BX.o.w]

Rose Madder Hue [GR.w | UT.o];

Rose Madder Lake [SE.w];

Scarlet Crap Lake;

Synthetic Madder;

Violet Carp Lake;

Compare NR9 and NR8

58000

Alizarin or 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone is an synthetic organic compound with formula C14H8O4 that is historically important as a prominent dye, originally derived from the roots of plants of the madder genus;

(Ref Alizarin Crimson at Boston Fine Arts);

Alizarin (wikipedia Ref);

Alizarin, synthetic

(Ref at Boston Fine Arts CAMEO);

Lake of Dihydroxy-anthraqutone or Anthraquinone Lake (Alizarin Crimson) is a synthetic form of NR9 (without Purpurin) precipitated with an inert binder, usually a metallic salt.; (lake pigments wikipedia Ref);

Color depends on metal the lake is fixed on: Aluminum - Red;

Calcium - Bluish Red;

Iron - Maroon;

Chromium - Reddish-brown;

Tin - yellowish red

Making madder lake at webexhibits.org

 

C14H8O4

 

CAS 72-48-0;

CAS 104074-25-1

Deep Dark yellowish to Bordeaux violet red;* †Fades, Darkens

4

III

76

A

MSDS

MSDS

Unique Hue; PR 177, PR 179 or PR 264 are similar, and more permanent substitutes, but not identical.;

* Color depends on method of manufacture and the metal salt the Anthraquinone dye is fixed on. Tin salts giving more yellowish shades in artist pigments.

?**Utrecht's Artist Watercolor "Permanent Alizarin Crimson" is PR83 according to the web site, but is PR177 according to the MSDS sheet. I believe it's probably PR177 because that would be more consistent with the name of "Permanent Alizarin Crimson", with an "excellent" lightfastness rating, and in their oil paints PR177 is under the same color name of "Permanent Alizarin Crimson". Also they they have normal "Alizarin Crimson" PR83 in acrylics, oil colors and watercolor.

PR83:1

Alizarin Lake

Alizarin Crimson [CL | DR.o.o.t.w.w |SCH.w];

Alizarin Lake;

Alizarine Madder Lake [SCH.o(Mus)];

C.I. Pigment Red 83:1;

Crimson Alizarin [DB.o | DR.o.o.t.];

Krapplack Dunkel [SCH.g];

Madder (crimson) Lake Deep Extra [ OH.o.w ];

Madder Lake Deep [SCH.g];

Pigment Red 83:1

58000:1

Anthraquinone on Alumina Base

Deep Dark yellowish to Bordeaux violet red

4

III

76

A

 

PR83:3

Alizarin Lake

Alizarin Crimson [LK];

C.I. Pigment Red 83:3

Pigment Red 83:3

58000:3

-

Bordeaux violet red

4

III

-

A

-

PR85

Indo Red

Algol Brilliant Red BB;

Algol Brilliant Red 2B;

Algol Pink BBK;

Algol Red BK;

C.I. Pigment Red 85;

Indo Red MV-6640;

Pigment Red 85;

Ponsol Red AFF

63350

Anthraquinone

Brilliant orange red

-

-

-

-

-

PR88

Thioindigoid Violet

Bayeaux Violet;

Bordeaux;

C.I. Pigment Red 88;

Deep Magenta [HO.ag];

Garnet Lake;

Permanent Red;

Permanent Violet [DS.w];

Pigment Red 88;

Purple Lake [WN.w];

Scheveningen Violet [OH];

Thioindigo Red [KP.p];

Thioindigo Violet [DV.o];

Thioindigoid Violet;

Thio Red Violet [GU]

73312

Thioindigoid;

CAS 14295-43-3

Deep red violet

3

I-II

BWS
8;7-8;7-8
(guerra paint)

L

A

MSDS

reacts with hydrochloric acid.

PR90

Vermilionette

C.I. Pigment Red 90;

Imperial red;

Royal Red;

Vermilionette

45380:1

Eosin Y (CI 45380, CI Acid Red 87) precipitated on a base of lead oxide;

Bluish red with a yellowish green fluorescence

-

IV

-

C

This was one of the pigments that caused heavy fading in paintings by Vincent Van Gogh according to Rioux (1999). (Pigment Compendium, 2008, Ref)

PR90:1

Geranium lake

C.I. Pigment Red 90:1;

Geranium lake

45380:3

Eosin Y (CI 45380, CI Acid Red 87) precipitated on a base of aluminium hydroxide;

Bluish red with a yellowish green fluorescence

-

IV

-

-

-

PR89

Pigment Red 89

Anthraquinone Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 89;

Pigment Red 89

60745

Dianthraquinone

Blue red violet

-

II

-

A

Discontinued; was used in artist colors

PR101

Synthetic Iron Oxide Red

Agate Brown [SCH.o];

Antique Red Ochre [HO.w(ant)];

Antique Russet Bauxite [HO.w(ant)];

Asphaltum (hue) [DS.o];

Red [HO];

Antique Russet Brown [HO.w];

Baroque Red [RGH.o];

Bauxite Red;

Blood Stone Red;

Bright Red Ochre;

Brown [HO];

Brown Pink [RF.e | WL.o.p];

Brown Red;

Brun Rouge;

Burnt Roman Vitriol;

Burnt Seinna [AS | DB.o | DR.a.a(s3hb).a(s3mb).o.o(georg).o.w | HO.ag.w | LA.a | LB.av.o | LK | MA.p| PF.w | RT.a.a.o.wo | SCH.a | UT.a.o | WN.a.a.k.wo.w.w.wp.wp(L)];

Burnt Sienna Deep [DV.w];

Burnt Vitriol;

Cadmium Red Orange (hue) [MA];

Caput Mortem:

Caput Mortum [AS];

Caput Mortuum [BX.o.w | LK | MA.p | OH.a.o.w | SCH.o.o(Mus)];

Caput Mortuum Dark;

Caput Mortuum Deep [SCH.p];

Caput Mortuum Hell [SCH];

Caput Mortum Light;

Caput Mortuum Pale [SCH];

Caput Mortuum Synthetic [KP.p];

Caput Mortuum Violet [OH.a.o.w | WN.w.wp];

Caput Mortuum Violet (mars) [OH.a.o.w];

Chinese Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 101;

Colcothar;

Crimson Oxide [GU];

Crocus Martis2;

Dutch Brown (Transparent) [WL.p];

English Brown Red;

English Light Red;

English Red [GEN | DB.o | LA.a | LK | MA.p | OH.a.o.w | SE.a.o | SCH.g.o.o(Mus)];

English Red Deep [LK];

English Red Earth [DS.w];

English Red Extra Deep [SI.p];

English Red Light [KP.p | LK | SCH.p];

English Red (Mars) [OH.a];

English Red Ochre [DS.w];

English Venetian Red [SCH.w];

Environox Falun Red*** [EP.p];

Environox Terra Cotta*** [EP.p];

Havana Brown [DR.a(s3hb).a(s3mb)];

Hematite;

Hematite Burnt Scarlet [DS.w];

Indian Red [GEN | AS | DB.o.w | DR.o.o.w.t | DS.a.i.o.p.w |DV.k.w | GB.o.p | GR.o.w.wo | HO.o.w | MA | MH.o | RT.o.o | SE.o | UT.w | WN.k.o.wo.w.w.wp];

Indian Red Deep [RGH.o.p];

Indian Red ochre [CH];

Indian Red Oxide [CR.a(jo).ao.o | JO.a];

Iron Brown Hematite;

Iron Oxide, Mars Brown [SE];

Iron Oxide Red [KP.p];

Iron Oxide Red 130 M [KP.p];

Iron Oxide Red 222, dark [KP.p];

Iron Oxide Red Medium, Mexican Terra Cotta Shade [SI.p];

Italian Venetian Red [DS.w];

Light Oxide Red [CR.a | RT.a.o.o.w.wo];

Light Red [GEN | AS | DR.w | GR.o | HO.o.w | WN.k.o.w.w.wp];

Light Red Ochre [CR.ao.o];

Light Red Oxide [CR.a];

Lunar Red Rock [DS.w];

Maroon Red Oxide Transparent [RGH.o];

Mars Brown [MA.o.o(artis).p | WNd];

Mars Orange [MA.p.o(artis) | RF.e | SE } WL.p];

Mars Orange Red [OH.a];

Mars Red [GEN | BX.o | BR | DR.o | MA.a.o.o(artis).o.p | RF.e | RGH.o.p | SE.os.p | WL.o.p | WN];

Mars Red Extra Deep Turkish Red [SI.p];

Mars Red Light [WL.o.p];

Mars Scarlet [WNd];

Mars Violet [GEN | AS | BX.o | CR.ao.o | DS.o.p | DR.o.w | DV | HO.a.o | KA.o.p | MA.o.o(artis).p | MT | RF.e | RGH.o | SE.a | RT.o | WL.o.p | WN];

Mars Violet Deep [WN.o];

Medium Brown [SCH.a];

Medium Red Oxide [KA.ad];

Micaceous iron oxide [EN.wax | GO.a.af | TA.a.];

Miltos;

Mineral Purple;

Mineral Violet;

Morelle Salt;

Ochre Red;

Opaque Brown [HO.af];

Oxide Orange;

Oxide Red Deep [LA.a];

Oxide Red Light [LA.a];

Oxyde Red [CH];

Oxyde Rouge;

Persian Red [OH.o];

Persian Indian Red [OH.o.w];

Persian Red (Indian) [OH.o];

Pigment Red 101;

Pompeiian Red [SCH.o(Mus).p];

Pouzzoles Red [CH];

Pozzuoli Earth [SCH.o(Mus).p];

Purple Ochre;

Raw Seinna [PF.w];

Raw Umber [LK];

Red 140 [EP.p];

Red Brown;

Red Brown Oxide Medium [GU];

Red Earth [CR.a(jo) | JO.a | SCH.o];

Red Gold [GU];

Red Iron Oxide [PF| SCH.a | WN.a.o.w.wp.];

Red Ochre [HO.a.a(gesso).o| KA.o | LB.av | MA.a.g | MR.o | PF.o.o.w** | WL.o];

Red Oxide [DB.a.a | GO.a.af.ag.ao | SQ.a | TA.a.af | LB.o | LQ.a | MT];

Red Oxide Deep [KA.p];

Red Oxide Light [GU | KA.p];

Red Oxide Medium [GU | KA.p];

Red Oxide of Iron;

Red Oxide Transparent [RGH.o.p];

Red Sartorius Earth [NP.p];

Rich Transparent Red Iron Oxide [DR];

Roman Ochre;

Roman Red;

Rouge Violet;

Salmon [KA.p];

Sartorius Red Earth [NP.p];

Scarlet [LQ.a];

Seinna;

Sepia Brown [LB.av];

Sepia Transparent [RGH.o];

Senois Brown [CH];

Senois Orange [CH];

Senois Red [CH];

Sinopia;

Spanish Oxide;

Spanish Red;

Spanish Earth [WL.o];

Synthetic Iron Oxide;

Synthetic Iron Oxide Blue Shade;

Synthetic Red Iron Oxide;

Terra d'Italia [KA.p];

Terra Di Sienna;

Terra Rosa [HO.o | MG.a.o.w | RGH.o.p | WN.o];

Terra Rosa Hue [GR.o | UT.o];

Terracotta Reddish [SCH.a];

Terre Rouge;

Translucent Brown Oxide [SCH.a.o(Mus)];

Translucent Orange Oxide;

Translucent Orange-Red [KP.p];

Translucent Red Brown [SCH.o];

Translucent Red Medium [KP.p];

Translucent Red Oxide [SCH.o(Mus)];

Transoxide Red [LA.a];

Transparent Brown [TA.a.af ];

Transparent Brown Oxide [DS.o.w | WN.o];

Transparent Burnt Sienna [DV.af | LQ.a];

Transparent Earth Red [GB.o.p];

Transparent Iron Oxide Red [UT.o];

Transparent Mars Brown [BX.o.w | SQ.a | MA.o.w];

Transparent Mars Red [BX.o.w | SQ.a | MA.o.w];

Transparent Oxide Brown [RT.o.w];

Transparent Oxide Red [CAS.k | KA.o MH.o | OH.a | RT.o.w];

Transparent Oxide Red Lake [OH.o.w];

Transparent Red Iron Oxide [DV.a | GO.a.ab.af.ag.ao | GR.o];

Transparent Red Ochre [WN];

Transparent Red Oxide [BR | CR.ao.o | DS.o.w | GO.ab | OH.a | KA.ad.p | MG.a.o.w | MH | RT.wo | TA.a.af];

Tuscan Red;

Venetian Orange [PF.o];

Venetian Red [GEN | CAS.k | CL | DB.o | DR.a.a.o.w.t | DS.i.o.w | DV.a.k.o.w | GB.o.o | GR.o.wo | GU.ad | MA.w | MR.o | MT | MH.o | MW.o | OH.a.o.w | PF.o | RGH.o.p | RT.o.w | SE.a.o.p | SI.p | UT.a.o.w | WN.o.w.wp];

Venetian Red (Mars) [OH.a];

Venice Red;

Venician Red [PF];

Violet de Mars;

Violet Iron Oxide [DV.w | WN.a];

Violet Oxide [ GO.a.af.ag.ao ];

XSL Translucent Red [KP.p];

There are many other names for ochres and red iron oxides, usually based on color hue (maroon, violet), production location (Turkey, Oxford), quarry, mining site or manufacturing method (burnt, fired, roasted) and to further complicate things they appear in amost all languages.

They can be followed or prefixed by other properties such as raw, bright, deep, dark, medium, fine or transparent etc.

There are also many different traditional spellings of the word Ochre, Ocher, Ocre, Oker, Oaker, etc. or Earth (Terra, Terre) and variances on the words oxide (Oxyde, oxid, etc.), Iron (di ferro, de fer, mars, Ferric, ferrous, etc.), red (rouge, rot, rosso, rojo, colorado, etc.) and brown (bruin, brun, marron, braun, moreno, etc.).

The same names are now seemingly even used interchangeably for synthetic or natural forms, including some crossover with the names of yellow hydrated iron oxides (PY42, PY43) and brown iron oxides and umbers (PBr6, PBr7).

The red iron oxide pigments have an ancient history and pigments often still use the traditional names not necessarily in the native tongue of the artists using them. Add to all that, the multitude of languages that have intermixed and the iron oxide pigment names have become an almost impossible list of varied phrases.

77491

inorganic;

Synthetic Anhydrous red iron oxide, It may consist of the additional modifiers Cr2 03, FeO, Mn203, or/and NiO in any combination.

LBNL Pigment Database Spectral radiative properties;

Red Iron Oxide (i);

Red Iron Oxide (ii);

Red Iron Oxide (iii);

Red Oxide;

Making pigments: Red Ochre at webexhibits.org;

Iron Brown Hematite:

CPMA 3-06-7 (4th ed. CMPA Classification and Chemical Description of the Complex Inorganic Color Pigments)

CAS 1309-37-1

various brownish yellow to orange to red shades with yellow to violet under tones****

1-4*

I

BWS
8;8;8 (CR)

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

15-25

A

MSDS2

*Transparency depends on particle size, amount of grinding, formulation, binder, method of manufacture, mineral content, impurities and additives.

Red Ochre at Blick Art site

*** Environox Terra Cotta and Environox Falun Red from Earth Pigments is Iron Oxide produced from reclaimed iron sludge

**** Oil paints, watercolors and other artist paints using PR101 and PR102 exist in almost any shade of yellow, orange, red and violet brown to green brown. Calcining or heating at a high temperature adds a whole other layer of deeper shades to the already wide degree of shades.

PR101:1

Red Hematite

Burnt Sienna;

C.I. Pigment Red 101:1;

Pigment Red 101:1;

Red Haematite;

Red Hematite

77015

Inorganic; Aluminium silicate and Ferric oxide

Yellowish pink through brick red to brown**

1-4*

I

BWS
8;8;8

15-25

A

*Transparency depends on particle size, amount of grinding, formulation, binder, method of manufacture, mineral content, impurities and additives.

*** Oil paints and watercolors using PR101 and PR102 exist in almost any shade of yellow, orange, red, violet brown to green brown.

PR102

Natural Red Iron Oxide

Almagro;

Antwerp Red;

Armenian Bole;

Armenian Purple Ocher [NP.o.p];

Arribida;

Augit Porphyry Crimson Red;

Bauxite Red;

Blood Stone;

Blue Ridge Hematite [NP.p];

Blue Ridge Violet Hematite [NP.p];

Bole;

Brown Red;

Brown Ochre Deep [OH.o.w];

Brun Rouge;

Burgundy Red Ochre [DS.o.w];

Burgundy Red Ochre Deep [KP.p];

Burgundy Red Ochre Medium [KP.p];

Burnt Sienna [CL | EP.p | SV];

Burnt Terra de Siena;

Burnt Ochre;

Burnt Yellow Ochre [DS.o];

Cardinal Purple;

Caput Mortuum violet brown [KP.p];

Caput Mortuum Dark, violet brown [KP.p];

Caput Mortuum Deep Violet [KP.p];

Caput Mortuum Reddish [KP.p];

Caput Mortuum, Reddish Dark [SI.p];

Colonial Burnt Sienna [EP.p];

Cote d'Azur;

Cote d'Azur Violet;

Cote d'Azur Violet (Natural Light Caput Mortuum) [DS.w];

C.I. Pigment Red 102;

Crimean Hematite [NP.p];

Crocus Martis2;

Deep Ochre [OH.o.w];

English Red;

Ercolano Red [NP.p];

Fired Gold Ochre [DS.w];

French Ochre SOFOROUGE [KP.p];

French Red Ochre [NP.p];

Genuine Indian Red, natural Hematite [SI.p];

Gulf Red;

Hematite [DS.o | KP.p | NP.p];

Hematite Burnt Scarlet Genuine[DS.o.w];

Hematite Crimean [NP.p];

Indian Red;

Indischrot;

Iron Brown Hematite;

Iron Oxide Red, natural [KP.p];

Italian Burnt Sienna [WL.o];

Italian Pink [WL.o];

Italian Pompeii Red [WL.o.p];

Italian Pozzuoli Earth [WL.o,p];

Italian Rosso Veneto [WL.o.p];

Italian Terra Rosa (Sardinian) [WL.o.p];

Light Red [BX.o.w | OH.o.w | WN.a.w];

Luberon Red Oxide (Indian Red) [NP.p];

Miltos;

Mineral Violet;

Minnesota Pipestone [DS.o.w];

Morelle Salt;

Mummy Deep Red Brick [KA.p];

Natural Hematite;

Natural Iron Oxide;

Natural Light Caput Mortuum [DS.w];

Natural Red [EP.p];

Natural Red Iron Oxide;

Natural Red Oxide;

Ocre Rouge;

Old Holland Light Red [OH.o.w];

Oxid Rot;

Oxyde Rouge;

Oxyde Rouge Naturelle;

Pabonazzo;

Persian Gulf Oxide;

Persian Red;

Pigment Red 102;

Pink Pipestone (Catlinite) [NP.p];

Poliment;

Pompeian Red;

Pompeii Red [WL.o];

Pompeiian Red;

Pozzuoli Earth [WL.o];

Pozzuoli Red [NP.p];

Purple Ocher [NP.o.p];

Prussian Brown;

Prussian Red;

Raw Sienna;

Raw Terra de Siena;

Red Bole [KP.p];

Red Earth;

Red Hematite;

Red Iron Ore;

Red Iron Stone;

Red Mine Ochre (England) [KP.p];

Red Ochre [BX.o.w | EP.p | LB.o | OH.o.w | SE.a.p.w | WL.o];

Red Oxide;

Red Umber [ OH.o| WL.o.p];

Redocker;

Roasted French Ochre [DS.w];

Rojo de Venecia;

Rojo indiano;

Rojo Óxido;

Rosso di Venezia;

Rosso indiano;

Rosso Ossido;

Rosso Sartorius [KP.p];

Rosso Veneto [WL.o];

Rouge de Venise;

Rouge Indien;

Rouge Venetian;

Siena-erde;

Sienna;

Sienne Calcinée;

Sinopean;

Sinoper;

Sinopia;

Sinopia Red Earth [SI};

Spanish Brown;

Spanish Earth (Purple Ochre) [WL.o];

Spanish Ochre;

Spanish Red [NP.p];

Spanish Red Ochre [KP.p];

Terra Cotta;

Terra Cotta (Light Red) [DV.w];

Terra di Siena;

Terra di Sienna;

Terra Pozzuoli;

Terra Rosa [WL.o];

Terre de Sienne;

Transparent Red Ochre [WN.o];

Turkey Red;

Tuscan red;

Venice Red;

Venetian Red [GEN | BX.o.w | EP.p | KP.p | NP.p | SQ.a];

Venetian Red Earth [MA.o];

Venezischrot;

Violet Hematite [NP.p];

Yellow Ochre Burnt [OH.o.w];

Yellow Ochre Half Burnt [OH.o.w];

There are many other names for ochres and red iron oxides, usually based on color hue (maroon, violet), production location (Turkey, Oxford), quarry, mining site or manufacturing method (burnt, calcined, fired, raw) and to further complicate things they appear in almost all languages.

They can be followed or prefixed by other properties such as bright, deep, dark, medium, fine or transparent etc.

There are also many different traditional spellings of the word Ochre, Ocher, Ocre, Oker, Oaker, etc. or Earth (Terra, Terre) and variances on the words oxide (Oxyde, oxid, etc.), Iron (di ferro, de fer, mars, Ferric, ferrous, etc.), red (rouge, rot, rosso, rojo, colorado, etc.) and brown (bruin, brun, marron, braun, moreno, etc.).

The same names are now seemingly even used interchangeably for synthetic or natural forms, including some crossover with the names of yellow hydrated iron oxides (PY42, PY43) and brown iron oxides and umbers (PBr6, PBr7).

The red iron oxide pigments have an ancient history and pigments often still use the traditional names, add the multitude of languages that have intermixed making the natural iron oxide pigment names an almost impossible list of varied phrases.

77491

inorganic;

Anhydrous iron(III)-oxide:

Ferric Oxide;

Natural red iron oxide along with clay and other varied natural minerals depending on source.

May be calcined natural yellow oxide (yellow ochre or hydrous iron oxide)

Making pigments: Red Ochre at webexhibits.org;

CAS 1309-37-1

Various brownish yellow and orange to red shades with yellow to violet under tones**

1-4*

I

BWS
8;8;8 (CR)

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

15-25

A

MSDS2

* Color, texture and transparency of natural pigments can vary widely depending on particle size, particle or crystal shape, the presence of clays, minerals and impurities.

** Oil paints, watercolors and other artist paints using PR101 and PR102 exist in almost any shade of yellow, orange, red and violet brown to green brown. Calcining or heating at a high temperature adds a whole other layer of deeper shades to the already wide degree of natural shades.

PR103

Red Lead Chromate

American Vermillion (hue);

Australian Cinnabar (hue);

Austrian Red;

Austrian Cinnabar (hue);

Chinese Red;

Chrome Red;

Chrome Scarlet;

Chrome Orange [MA];

Chrome Yellow;

Chrome Vermilion;

Chromrot;

C.I. Pigment Red 103;

Lead Chromate;

Midnight Sun;

Pigment Orange 21;

Pigment Orange 45;

Pigment Red 103;

Pigment Red 104;

Red Lead Chromate;

Rouge de Chrome;

Rouge de Perse;

77601

Lead Chromate;

CAS 7758-97-6

Bright red to orange red*

-

-

-

C

MSDS

* When finely ground, the color becomes lighter and more of a yellowish red (Ref Dictionary of Artists' Oil Pigments: by R. Bruce Handlong, 1969)

PR104

Molybdate Orange

American Vermillion (hue);

Australian Cinnabar (hue);

Austrian Red;

Austrian Cinnabar (hue);

Chinese Red;

Chromate Red;

Chrome Cinnabar (hue);

Chrome Red;

Chrome Scarlet;

Chrome Orange;

Chrome Yellow;

Chinese Red;

Chrome Cinnabar (hue);

Chrome Red;

Chrome Scarlet;

Chrome Orange [MA.p];

Chrome Yellow;

Chrome Vermilion;

C.I. Pigment Red 104;

Crocoite*;

Derby Red;

Garnet Chrome;

Golden Orange Yellow;

Lead Molybdate Chromate;

Laque Mineral;

FAST MOLYBDATE RED;

Lead Chromate Molybdate Sulfate Red;

Mineral Orange;

Mineral Red Thiosol;

Molibdated Lead Chrome;

Molybdate of Lead;

Molybdate Chrome;

Molybdate Chrome Red;

Molybdate Orange Y;

Molybdate Red 107;

Molybden Red;

Molybdenum Orange;

Orange Paste;

Persian Red;

Pigment Orange 21;

Pigment Orange 45;

Pigment Red 103;

Pigment Red 104;

Red Lead;

Rouge de Perse;

Rosetto Chrome;

Ruby Red Chrome;

Scarlet Chrome;

Vauquelin;

Victoria Red;

Vienna Red

77605

Molybdated Lead Chromate;

mixed crystals of lead chromate, lead molybdate, and lead sulfate;

CAS 12656-85-8;

CAS 12213-61-5

Bright reddish orange to mid-shade red*

1

II

14-22

C

May be affected by hydrogen sulfide

* The products vary according to proportions of constituents and conditions of precipitation from orange to red Literature (Ref Inorganic Colouring Matters, Color Index 3rd Ed.)

PR105

Red Lead

Azarcon;

Bleimennige;

C.I. Pigment Red 105;

Lead Orthoplumbate;

Lead Oxide;

Lead Oxide Red

Lead Tetroxide;

Mennige;

Mine Rouge;

Mineral Orange;

Mineral Red;

Miniatus;

Minium;

Minio;

Minio di Piombo;

Minium de Plomb;

Orange Mineral;

Palladian Red;

Palladian Scarlet;

Paris Red;

Pigment Orange 21;

Pigment Orange 45;

Pigment Red 103;

Pigment Red 104;

Pigment Red 105;

Red Lead [GEN | KP.p | NP.p];

Red Lead, Minium [KP.p];

Red Lead Oxide;

Red Oxide of Lead;

Rosso di Saturno;

Rosso Saturno;

Sandix;

Saturnine;

Saturn Red;

Triplumbic Tetroxide

77578

Lead Tetroxide or ;

Minium is the natural mineral (Ref);

"Red Lead is produced by heating Litharge (lead monoxide) in the presence of air. The finest variety of Orange Mineral is obtain d by carefully heating pure white Lead , which is converted into Litharge and then into Red Lead." (Ref Dictionary of Artists' Oil Pigments p.64)

Making pigments: Red Lead at webexhibits.org;

CAS 1314-41-6

Bright to dull Scarlet Red

1

II*

8

C

ICSC

* May be affected by hydrogen sulfide. Also It may react with pigments that contain free sulfur;

Dry Pigment may be blackened by light, once ground in oil or resin this does not occur. (Ref Dictionary of Artists' Oil Pigments p.64)

More permanent in oil (Ref)

PR106

Vermillion (genuine)

American Quicksilver Vermilion;

Carmine Vermilion;

Cenobrium;

Chinese Red;

Chinese Vermilion [HO.o];

Chu Sha;

C.I. Pigment Red 106;

Cinnabar (Natural)*;

Deep Vermilion;

English Vermilion

European Vermilion;

Extract of Vermilion;

French Vermillion [HO.o];

Genuine Chinese Vermilion [MH.o];

Genuine Vermilion [WL.o];

Orange Vermilion;

Natural Cinnabar [KP.p];

Pale Vermilion;

Pigment Red 106;

Trieste Vermilion;

Scarlet Vermillion;

Vermilion [BR | HO | KA.p | KP.p | MH.o | NP.p | RGH.o.p];

Vermillion [HO.o];

Vermilion (genuine) [BXd];

Zinnober

77766

Synthetic Mercuric Sulfide;

Natural Cinnabar may have impurities but they do not seem to be the free sulphides that can cause darkening*;

Making pigments: Vermillion at webexhibits.org;

CAS 1344-48-5

Bright mid through yellow red

†Darkens*

1

I*

7-12

C**

MSDS

Unique hue;

May be affected by atmospheric sulfides;

Rumored to be more permanent with resin mediums or when glazed with PR 83.(WetCanvas.com Thread Ref);

(Ref: CAMEO Materials Database at Boston Museum of Fine Arts Ref);

*Any darkening may be due to impurities (Ref: Journal of the Chemical Society, Vol. 13, 1875, p.673; Deterioration of the Colour of Vermilion by contact with Copper and Brass. By KARL Hummus);

Impure and wet process vermillion more likely to darken (Ref:Painting Materials: A Short Encyclopaedia, By Rutherford John Gettens, ©1942 , p.172);

(Ref: The Cochineal Repository , The University of Texas at Austin School of Information);

(Ref: Natural Pigments Vermilion);

"Darkening of Cinnabar based pigments occurs only in pigments containing traces of chlorine or exposed to the halogens. "

Also from Fields "blackening and fading in vermilion are always due to adulteration ‘by mixture with lake or carmine … by red or orange lead’."

(Ref Pigment Compendium p.383);

** May have very little soluble mecury (Ref: Natural Pigments, Vermilion & Cinnabar toxicology test results);

 

PR107

Antimony Red

Antimonium;

Antimonous sulfide;

Antimontrisulfid (Deut.);

Antimoon trisulfide (Ned.);

Antimony [KP.p];

Antimony Black;

Antimony Glance;

Antimony Orange;

Antimony Red [KP.p];

Antimony Vermilion;

Arancio di antimonio (It.);

Black Antimony;

Bournonite;

C.I. Pigment Red 107;

Crimson Antimony;

Golden Antimony Sulphide;

Golden Sulfur;

Golden Sulfur of Antimony;

Golden Yellow;

Goldschwefel;

Hermus Mineral

Iron Black;

Lymphoscan;

Mineral Kermes;

Orangé d'antimoine (Fr.);

Pigment Red 107;

Red Antimony;

Stibium*

Stibnite (mineral);

Stibnit (Deut.);

Sulfure d'antimoine (Fr.);

Trisolfuro di antimonio (It.);

77050

77060

77061

Antimony;

Antimony (III) sulfide;

Antimony oxide sulfide;

Antimony Trisulfide, (Ref: CAMEO Materials Database at Boston Museum of Fine Arts Ref);

Stibnite (natural mineral) (Ref: mindat.org);

CAS 1315-04-4

 

Light yellow orange to deep carmine to black; *Stibium is the metallic blackish grey form (Ref)

1

I

-

D

MSDS

May blacken in presence of lead pigments; Can react explosively with some organic materials; (Ref: Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities
By Richard P. Pohanish, Stanley A., p.124);

PR108

Cadmium Red

C.I. Pigment Red 108;

C.P. Cadmium Red Dark [GO.a.ag.ao];

C.P. Cadmium Red Deep [SQ.a | TA.a.];

C.P. Cadmium Red Light [GO.a.ag.ao | SQ.a | TA.a.];

C.P. Cadmium Red Medium [GO.a.ag.ao | SQ.a | TA.a.];

Alizarin Crimson Lake Extra (hue) [OH.w];

Cadmium Brown [KA.p | KP.p];

Cadmium Light Red;

Cadmium Maroon [AS | GR.w*? | HO.o |KA.p];

Cadmium Maroon C.P. [GU];

Cadmium Orange [DB.w | GR.w?* | HO.wo | MW.o | OH.a.o.w];

Cadmium Orange #2, dp-vermillion [SI.p];

Cadmium Orange Deep [LA.a | MT];

Cadmium Orange Red [HO.o];

Cadmium Orange Red Shade [HO.o];

Cadmium Orange Hue [GR.w?*];

Cadmium Purple [BXo.w];

Cadmium Red [GEN | AS | BX.o.w | DR.a.o.t.w | HO.g.o.wo | SE.a | SQ.a | MG.a.g.o.w | MH.o | UT | WN.g.o.w.w.wp.];

Cadmuim red #4, bluish-purple [SI.p];

Cadmium Red Bordeaux [LA.a];

Cadmium Red Dark [RGH.o.p | WN.wo];

Cadmium Red Dark CP [ GO.a.af.ag.ao];

Cadmium Red Dark Xtra CP [GU];

Cadmium Red Dark Xtra CP (blue shade) [GU];

Cadmium Red Deep [GEN | AS | DB.o.w | DSd | DR.a.o.t.w | DV.a.k.o.w | GB.o | GR.wd?* | HO.g.o.w.wo | KA.o.p | LA.a | LB.o | LK | MA.a.o.o(artis).o.p.w | MR.o | MG.a.o.w | MH.o | MW.o | OH.a.o.w | RF.e | RT.a.o.w.wo | SCH.a.g.o.p.w | SE.o.p | SI.p | UT.o.w | WL.o.p | WN.a.k.o.w.w.wp.];

Cadmium Red Deep Genuine [SE.t];

Cadmium Red Deep Hue [GR.w?*];

Cadmium Red Deep Pure [UT.o.w ];

Cadmium Red Extra Deep [UT.a];

Cadmium Red Light [GEN | CAS.k | DB.o.w | CR.ao.o | DV.a.k..o.w | GB | GR.w?* | HO.o.w | KA.o.p | MR.o | LA.a | LB.o | LQ.a | MA.a.o.o(artis).o.p.w | MG.a.g.o.w | MH.o | MR.o | MW.o | NP.p | OH.a.o.w | RF.e | RGH.o.p | RT.a.o.wo | SCH.g.w | SE.o.os.p.w | SI.p | UT.a.o.w | WL.o.p | WN.a.a.k.w.wo.];

Cadmium Red Light CP (orange shade) [GU];

Cadmium Red Light CP [GO.a.ag.ao ];

Cadmium Red Light F [KP.p];

Cadmium Red Light (Scarlet) [CR.ao.o];

Cadmium Red Light Xtra [GU];

Cadmium Red Light Xtra CP [GU];

Cadmium Red Light Pure [UT.w];

Cadmium Red Light (Scarlet) [CR.a.o];

Cadmium Red Maroon [KA | RGH.o.p];

Cadmium Red Medium [GEN | CAS.k | CR.ao.o | DB.o.w | DV.a.k.o.w | GB.o.p | GR.w?* | KA.o.p | LA.a | LB.o | LQ.a | MA.a.o.o(artis).o.p | MT | MW.o | OH.a.o.w | RF.e | RGH.o.p | RT.a.o.o.w.wo | SCH.a | SE.o | UT.a.o.w | WL.o.p | WN.a.a.k.wo ];

Cadmium Red Medium CP [GO.a.ag.ao];

Cadmium Red Medium Light C.P. [GU];

Cadmium Red Medium Pure [ UT.o.w];

Cadmium Red Medium (vermilioned) [OH.o];

Cadmium Red Middle [HO.a.a(gesso) | SCH.g.w];

Cadmium Red Orange [HO.w | MA.a.o.o(artis) | SE.w];

Cadmium Red Pale [DR.w | WN];

Cadmium Red Purple [HO.a.a(gesso).g.o.w | KA.o.p |MA.o(artis).p | OH.o.w | RT.o | RGH.o.p | SE.a.os.p.w | WL.o];

Cadmium Red Scarlet [DSd | SV | OH.o.w | WN.w];

Cadmium Red Vermilion [WL.o];

Cadmium Scarlet [CR.a(jo) | DR.a.o | DV.w | JO.a | LK | WN.g.o.w.wp];

Cadmium Scarlet (Genuine) [CR.a(jo) | CH];

Cadmium Vermilion Red;

Cadmium Yellow Deep [MW.o];

Cadmium Yellow Extra Deep [OH.o.w];

Cadmium Yellow Orange [HO.g.w | OH.a.o.w];

Deep Cadmium Red (Genuine) [CH];

Deep True Cadmium Red [PF];

Light True Cadmium Red [PF];

Medium Cadmium Red (Genuine) [CH];

Old Holland Bright Red [OH.w];

Paris Red [MA.o(Ren)];

Pigment Red 108;

Red Cadmium [PF.w];

Red Deep [SE];

Red Light [SE];

Selenium Red;

True Cadmium Red Deep [PF.o];

True Cadmium Red Light [PF.o];

Vermilion (hue) [HO.w | MA.o(Ren)];

Vermilion (cadmium scarlet) [HO];

Vermilion Hue [WNd]

77202

77196

Inorganic;

Cadmium Selenosuphite;

How Cadmium yellow/red is made at webexhibits.org;

Some brands of cadmium paints may in fact be composed of Cadmium-Barium Pigments even if indicated on the label as pure PR 108 (Reference: A Critical Analysis of Commercial Pigments, by M. Pérez, K. Castro, M.D. Rodríguez2, MA. Olazabal and J.M. Madariaga, University of the Basque Country, Dept. Analytical Chemistry and Dept. Painting).

 

CdS + CdSe

 

CAS 58339-34-7

Orange red to deep violet red

† Lightens, some paints might have hue shift towards yellower

1

I

BWS
8;8;8 (CR)

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

17-21

 

B

MSDS

MSDS

?* It seems the Grumbacher website no longer shows pigment color index names.

The information on the Blick Art site, Grumbacher Cadmium are indicated to be cadmium barium pigments but are given the CI name of pure cadmium colors. The MSDS from the Grumbacher web site also states they are "coprecipated with barium sulfate" (Ref: MSDS Sheet) But, that would make them "Cadmium-Barium" Pigments should be indicated with :1 after the color index name. (ie. PO20 should be PO20:1). In the following pigment info the for pre-tested oil paint they they indicate the cadmium yellows with correct cadmium barium names, but the the reds and oranges are all designate as PO-40 instead of PO-40:1allthough the literature states, it to a cadmium barium pigment. (Ref: Grumbacher Pre-Tested Pigment Info dating around 2010-12)

See below for more info on cadmium barium pigments, and why it matters.

PR108:1

Cadmium-Barium Red

C.I. Pigment Red 108:1;

Cad-Barium Vermilion;

Cadmium Litho Maroon [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Dark [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Dark Xtra [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Light [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Lt (red shade) [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Medium [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Medium Light [GU];

Cadmium Litho Red Medium Light Xtra [GU];

Cadmium Litho Scarlet Xtra (yellow shade) [GU];

Cadmium Maroon LITHO [GU];

Cadmium Maroon LITHO (violet shade) [GU];

Cadmium Orange (hue*) [ROSS.o];

Cadmium Red (hue*) [DSd];

Cadmium Red Dark (hue*) [CL];

Cadmium Red Dark LITHO (blue shade) [GU];

Cadmium Red Dark Xtra LITHO (blue shade) [GU];

Cadmium Red Deep (hue*) [BR | SV];

Cadmium Red Extra Scarlet (hue*);

Cadmium Red Light (hue*) [BR | DB.a | ROSS.o];

Cadmium Red Lithopone;

Cadmium red light LITHO (orange shade) [GU];

Cadmium red light LITHO (yellow shade) [GU];

Cadmium Red Medium (hue*) [BR | CL | DB.a | DSd | ROSS.o];

Cadmium Red Medium Light Xtra LITHO (blue shade) [GU];

Cadmium Red No. 1, light (hue*) [KP.p];

Cadmium Red No. 2, medium (hue*) [KP.p];

Cadmium Red No. 3, dark (hue*) [KP.p];

Cadmium Red No. 4, bluish purple (hue*) [KP.p];

Cadmium Red Extra Scarlet (hue*);

Cadmium Red Light (hue*) [BR | CL];

Cadmium Red Scarlet (hue*) [DSd];

Pigment Red 108:1

 

77202:1

Cadmium Barium Selenosuphite; Cadmium Barium Sulfoselenide; Cadmium sulphoselenide coprecipitated with barium sulphate

Orange to deep red

1

I

BWS
8;8;7
(guerra paint)

17-21

 

B

* Cheaper, Slightly less saturated and slightly less tinting strength as pure PR108.

Cadmium Barium compounds can be as much as 58.5% barium sulphate. (Ref: Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopedia, By Rutherford John Gettens, George Leslie Stout)

 

?* See PR108 above

 

PR109

Purple of Cassius

Cassius;

Cassius's Purple;

C.I. Pigment Red 109;

Famille Rose;

Pigment Red 109;

Pink Gold;

Purple Gold;

Purple of Cassius

77482

Inorganic;

Hydrated double stanate of Gold;

Aurous stannate;

Gold Nanoparticles (Ref);

CAS 1345-24-0

Violet red

-

1

-

A

used in painting, staining porcelain and glass and is used to make "Ruby Glass";

Powerful and staining with a high tinting strength.;

the color is made by precipitating small quantities of gold in a tin chloride solution. (see PR109 Ref); also see (Ref from The Creation of Color in Eighteenth-Century Europe by Sarah Lowengard);

Andreas Cassius as inventor disproved (Ref);

Interestingly it is spontaneously Showing up on electronic circuit boards, probably because of gold plating and tinning used. (Ref) also possibly on cheap jewelry (Ref)

PR112

Naphthol Red AS-D

Alizarine Crimson light1 (hue) [KP.p];

Antique Deep Red [HO.w(ant)];

Azo Red Medium [RT];

BON Arylamide Red;

Bright Red [LA.a];

Brilliant Red [MA];

Cadmium Red Deep Hue [LK];

Cadmium Red Hue [DR.a.a(s3hb).a(s3mb).o | MR.o | LK | WN.a.a];

Cadmium Red (Hue);

C.I. Pigment Red 112;

Fanchon Red [WL.o.p];

FAST Red FGR;

Geranium Lake [LK];

Grumbacher Red [GR.o.o];

Grumbacher Red (Naphthol) [GR.o.wo];

Grumbacher Red (Naphthol Red) [GR.o];

Naphthal;

Naphthol Bordeaux;

Naphthol Carbamide;

Naphthol Carmine;

Naphthol Red [GEN | CAS.k | DV.a.k | GB.o.o | KA | MG.a.g.o.w | SCH.p];

Naphthol Red Light [GO.a.ab.af.ag.ao | OH.a | SQ.a | TA.a.af | UT.a | WN.a.o.w];

Naphthol Red Medium [RGH.o.p | RT.a];

Naphthol Scarlet [DS.o];

Naphthol Vermillion [GU | MR.o];

Naphthol Red [KA.ad];

Naphthol;

Oriental Red [LB.av];

Permanent Carmine;

Permanent Red [GU |HO.w];

Permanent Red FGR;

Pigment Red 112;

Proprietary Red (Naphthol AS-D) [GRd];

Rebel Red [MA.o(HD);

Red Permanent [MW.wo];

Scarlet [MA.g];

Scarlet Red [SCH];

Scheveningen Red Light [OH.o.w];

Scheveningen Red Medium [OH.o.w];

Spectrum Red [AS];

Studio Light Red [KP.p];

Transparent Naphthol Red Light [GO.ab];

Vermillion (hue) [MR.o | LK];

Vermilion deep (hue) [LK];

Vermilion Hue [MA.a];

Vermilion Red (hue) [SCH.o];

XSL Poppy Red [KP.p]

12370

Organic;

Monoazo; Naphthol;

 

C24H16Cl3N3O2

 

CAS 6535-46-2

Intense bright yellowish red

 

†Fades, Darkens, Dulls

2-3

I*

BWS
7-8;6-7;5
(guerra paint)

30

A*

MSDS

MSDS1

*ASTM rated I, other sources rate light fastness as II (Handprint.com)

 

** The dry pigment Naphthol Red AS-D may cause eye, skin, or respiratory irritation, wear a NIOSH certified dust mask when working with the dry pigment.

PR113

Mercadium Red

Langdomer Red Cadmium;

Cadmium Mercury Red;

Cadmium Vermilion Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 113;

Mercadium maroon CP [GU];

Mercadium Red;

Mercadmium Red;

Mercadium Red Light C.P. [GU];

Mercadium red light CP (orange shade);

Mercadium Red Maroon [RGHd];

Pigment Red 113

77201

Cadmium sulfide-mercuric sulfide;

Calcined co-precipitated of Cadmium sulfide and Mercuric sulfide. The greater the mercuric sulfide content the deeper and redder the hue. (Ref Color index 3rd Ed., V.4, Inorganic colorants CI 77201)

CAS 1345-09-1

Mid to yellowish red to Deep Bordeaux

1

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

L

D

-

PR113:1

Mercadium Lithopone Red

Cadmium Mercury Lithopone Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 113:1;

Mercadium Lithopone Red;

Pigment Red 113:1

77201:1

Cadmium sulfide-mercuric sulfide co-precipitated on Barium Sulfate

Yellowish red to Bordeaux

1

I

L

D

Similar but cheaper and slightly less saturated than PR113;

Cadmium-Barium pigments can be up to almost 60% barium sulphate. (Ref: Painting Materials,) A Short Encyclopedia, By Rutherford John Gettens, George Leslie Stout)

PR114

Pigment Red 114

C.I. Pigment Red 114;

Fast Carmine BS;

Pigment Red 114;

Pollux Pink

12351

Monoazo;

CAS 6358-47-0

Bluish red

4

-

-

A

-

PR119

Naphthol Red FG

C.I. Pigment Red 119;

Naphthol Red FG;

Pigment Red 119

-

Monoazo;

Naphthol

Bright yellowish red

-

I

-

A

-

PR120

Naphthol Red MEG-DR

C.I. Pigment Red 120;

Pigment Red 120;

Tangerine

-

Monoazo;

Naphthol

Light orange pink

4

-

-

A

-

PR121

Tin Violet

Chromate of stannic oxide;

Chromium Stannate;

Chromium Tin Oxide;

C.I. Pigment Red 121;

Mineral Lake;

Pigment Red 121;

Stannic chromate;

Tin Chromate;

Tin Violet

77302;

77870?

Chromium stannate;

Tin Chromate prepared by the fusion of Tin(IV) Oxide and Chromium Oxide

Dull reddish purple or bordeaux

I

I

-

B

-

PR122

Quinacridone Red

ACRA Magenta [LQ.a];

Acra Red;

ACRA Violet [LQ.a];

Antique Deep Red [HO];

Brilliant Magenta;

Brilliant Red Violet;

C.I. Pigment Red 122;

Crimson Lake;

Fragonard Pink [PF.o];

Gamma Quinacridone;

Gamma Quinacridone Magenta;

Intense Pink [UT.w];

Madder Lake Pink (hue) [SE.os];

Magenta [DB.w | MR.o | MT | MH.o | MW.wo | OH.o.w | SCH | WN.wo];

Magenta (Primary) [LK];

Magenta Red (Primary) [LK];

Magenta Light [TA.a];

Magenta Moyen [LB.o];

Magenta Quinacridone [DV.a.k | MA.p];

Old Holland Magenta [OH.o.w];

Opera Pink [DS];

Opera Rose [WN.w.wp.wp(L)];

Opus (Vivid Pink) [DV.w];

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [HO.w];

Permanent Magenta [DR.o | LA.a | WN.w.wp.];

Permanent Purple [SCH];

Permanent Rose [DR.a.w | LK];

Permanent Violet [LB.av.o];

Pigment Red 122;

Pigment Red E;

Pink;

Primary Magenta [HO.g];

Primary Red - Magenta [MA.a.g.o];

Process Magenta [DR];

Provence Rose Lake [MA.o(Med)];

Purple Magenta [SCH.g.w];

Quindo Magenta;

Quindo® Red [KP.p];

Quinacridone Deep Purple [DR.a];

Quinacridone Fuschia [CH | OH.a | SE.a];

Quinacridone Magenta [GEN | BX.w | CAS.k | CR.ao.o | DB.a .o | DR.w | DS.a.o | DV.af | GB.o.o | GO.a.ab.af.ag.ao | HO.w | KA.ad.o.p | LQ.a | SQ.a | TA.a.af | SCH.a.p | SE.o | SI.p | UT.w | WL.o.p | WN.g.o.w.wp.];

Quinacridone Magenta (Rose Violet) [HO.w];

Quinacridone Pink Magenta [GU];

Quinacridone Pink [PF];

Quinacridone Purple [SE.w];

Quinecridone Red [GEN | SE.p];

Quinacridone Rose Deep [LA.a];

Quinacridone Violet [DB.a | MA.a.o(artis) | WN.a.o.w];

Raspberry;

Rose de Quinecridone [LB.o];

Rose Madder (hue) [HO];

Rose Madder (Quinecridone) [DR.o.];

Rose Red [SV];

Rose Violet [HO.a.ag.g.w.wo];

Rose Violet Transparent [HO.o];

Ruby Madder (hue) [PF.w];

Ruby Red [SCH.o];

Studio Pink [KP.p];

Thalo Red Rose;

Thio Violet [GR.a.o.o.wo];

Thio™ Violet [GR.a.o.o.wo];

Translucent Magenta [SCH.o(Mus)];

Trans Magenta [CR | JO.a];

Transparent Magenta [CR.a(jo) | JO.a];

Transparent Rose [HO.o];

Verzino Violet [MA.o.w];

Vivid Pink [PF.o];

 

73915

Quinacridone;

CAS 980-26-7;

CAS 16043-40-6

Clean Bright blue shade light red

†Dulls slightly, Hue shift towards light mid red

2-4*

I

BWS
8;8;8 (CR)

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

40-97

B

MSDS

MSDS

* There are transparent types of Quinacridone Red, mostly used for automotive finishes, and opaque forms of PR122 widely used in exterior paints as a blue shade red (Ref at Paint & Coatings Industry Magazine, article "Evaluation of Various Organic Color Pigments"January 1, 2010 ). From my experience the transparent types are more often used in artist's paints, but some paint makers may use the opaque versions.

PR123

Perylene Scarlet

C.I. Pigment Red 123;

Kayaset Red E-B;

Perylene Scarlet [GU];

Perylene Vermilion;

Pigment Red 123;

Vermillion (hue)

711450

Perylene;

CAS 24108-89-2

Deep red; yellow under shade

2

I

BWS
7;7;6
(guerra paint)

45-50

A

-

PR139

Chromophal BR

Chromophal GR [GU];

Chromophal Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 139;

Pigment Red 139

-

Disazo condensation;

CAS 12262-44-21

Bright red yellow undertone

2-3

|

BWS
8;7;7
(guerra paint)

-

A

-

PR144

Azo Condensation Red

Azo Condensation Red;

Azo Red [KA.p];

Chromophal BR [GU];

C.I. Pigment Red 144;

CPT - Red [KP.p];

Gafast Pigment Red 144;

Pigment Red 144;

Red Chromophal R BRN;

Rose [HO.wo];

Rose Dore[HO.wo];

Transparent Vermilion [HO.o]

20735

200595?

Disazo Condensation;

Gafast Pigment Red 144 (Tech Sheet Reference);

CAS 5280-78-4

Mid-shade red

3-4

I-II

BWS
8;7;7
(guerra paint)

65

A

MSDS

-

PR146

Naphthol Red AS

Cadmium Red Hue [MA.g];

Carmine (hue) [LK];

Carmine Deep (hue) [SE.o];

Chapel Rose [HO.a];

C.I. Pigment Red 146;

Naphthol Red;

Naphthol Red AS [CL];

Permanent Carmine [CL];

Permanent Pink;

Permanent Red FBB;

Pigment Red 146

Primary Red - Magenta [MA]

12485

Monoazo; Naphthol;

CAS 226-103-2

Bluish shade red

4

II-III

50

A

MSDS

-

PR147

Toluidine Red

Carmine (hue);

C.I. Pigment Red 147;

Pigment Red 147

 

Toluidine;

CAS 68227-78-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

PR148

Permanent Carmine

C.I. Pigment Red 148;

Permanent Carmine [RGH.o.p];

Permanent Red 2 G;

Pigment Red 148;

Naphthol carmine

-

Monoazo

-

2

I

-

A

withdrawn

PR149

Perylene Red BX

Bright Red [LB.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 149;

Crimson Lake [MH.o];

Paliogen® Red K 3580;

Perylene Red [GB.o | DV.k | HO.o | MW.o | WN.a.w];

Perylene Red BL;

Perylene Red BX [GU];

Perylene Scarlet;

Pigment Red 149;

Rose Madder Pale (hue) [BX.o];

Scarlet [RT.o];

Winsor Red Deep [WN.o]

71137

Perylene;

CAS 4948-15-6

Bluish red

†Darkens

3

I

BWS
7-8;7-8;6-7
(guerra paint)

40-50

A

MSDS

-

PR150

Pigment Red 150

C.I. Pigment Red 150;

Pigment Red 150;

PV-Carmine HR

12290

Monoazo;

CAS 56396-10-2

Bluish pink

-

-

-

A

-

PR160

Naphthol Carbamide

C.I. Pigment Red 160;

Naphthol Carbamide;

Naphthol Red F5RK;

Pigment Red 160

12475

Organic; Naphthol Carbamide

Blue red

3

I-II*

65

A

*Said to be more light fast in acrylics

PR166

Azo Condensation Red

Azo Condensation Red;

Chromopthal Scarlet [GU];

Chromophtal Scarlet;

Chromophtal Scarlet BR;

C.I. Pigment Red 166;

CPT - Scarlet Red [KP.p];

Cromophtal Scarlet;

Cromophtal Scarlet R;

Heuco Red;

Microlith Scarlet;

Pigment Red 166;

Scarlet Red [CAS.k]

20730

Disazo condensation;

CAS 3905-19-9

Bright red yellow undertone

3

I-II*

BWS
8;8;6-7
(guerra paint)

65

A

MSDS

*Said to be more light fast in watercolor

PR168

Anthradquinone Scarlet

Anthra Red [GU];

Anthradquinone Red;

Anthradquinone Scarlet;

Anthranthrone Red;

Antra Red;

Brilliant Red Light [MA.a];

C.I. Pigment Red 168;

Helio Brilliant Orange;

Indanthren Brilliant Orange RK;

Indanthrene Brilliant Orange;

Old Holland Bright Red [OH.o.w];

Permanent Red Deep [MA];

Permanent Red Light [MA.w.w];

Pigment Red 168;

Scarlet Lake Extra [OH.w];

Scarlet Red [KP.p];

Vat Orange

59300

Brominated

Anthranthron;

Dibromanthrone;

CAS 4378-61-4

Bright yellow red

†Darkens

3-4

I-II*

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

74

A

MSDS

* May be more lightfast with protective coating or medium (Dick Blick Ref)

PR169

Rhodamine

C.I. Pigment Red 169;

Copper Ferrocyanide Pink;

Fanal Pink BKF;

Rubine;

Pigment Red 169;

Pink

45160:2

Copper ferrocyanide salt of Rhodamine;

CAS 12237-63-7

Bright bluish pink

4

IV

55

B

-

PR170

Naphthol Red AS

Alizarin carmine (hue) [LB.o];

Antique Purple Red [HO.w(ant)];

B.O.N Arylamide;

Brilliant Red [AS];

Cadmium Red Deep Hue [HO.wo];

Cadmium Red Hue;

Cadmium Red Medium Hue [CR.a. | MW.wo | SE.o];

Cadmium Red Purple Hue [HO.wo];

Carbamide F5RK;

Carmine (hue) [DR.w | HO.ag | LK | SCH];

Carmine Red (hue) [SCH];

C.I. Pigment Red 170;

Crimson [WN.a.a];

Crimson (Primary Red) [DR.o];

Dark Red [SCH.w];

Dark Red (crimson) [SCH.w];

Deep Red [HO.wo];

Deep Vermilion [CH];

Lefranc Red [LB.o];

Naphthal;

Naphthol AS;

Naphthol AS FAST RED F5RK;

Naphthol Brilliant [GU.ad}

Naphthol Carbamide;

Naphthol Carbamide AS;

Naphthol Carmine;

Naphthol Crimson [DB.o | CR.ao.o | JO.a | LQ.a | UT.a | MT];

Naphthol Red [HO.wo | KA.o | SE.a];

Naphthol Red B.S. [KA.ad];

Naphthol Red Brilliant [GU];

Naphthol Red Brilliant Primary Red [SE];

Naphthol Red Light [GU];

Naphthol Red Medium [DV.af | GU.ad | OH.a | SQ.a | TA.a.af | KA.p | WN.a];

Naphthol Red, Medium Blue Shade1;

Naphthol Red (Mid-Tone) [DV.w];

Napthol Red Medium [KA.p];

Permanent Carmine [LA.a];

Permanent Maroon HFM;

Permanent Red [DS.a.i.o.p.w | KP.p];

Permanent Red B [KP.p];

Permanent Red Deep [DS.o | LA.a];

Permanent Red F3RK;

Permanent Red F5RK;

Permanent Vermilion;

Pigment Red 170;

Pure Red [HO.g.ag];

Ruby Red [CH];

Scarlet Lake [MH.o];

Shiva Red Medium [SV];

Spectrum Red Deep [AS]

12475

Organic; Monoazo; B.O.N. Arylomide;

 

CAS 2786-76-7

Deep yellowish to bluish red*;

 

† Fades

2-4

I-III*?

BWS
6;5;4-5 ?

BWS
7-8;7;6
(guerra paint)

BWS
6;5;4-5
(guerra paint)

40-70

A

MSDS1

*PR 170 is a family of red azo compounds, some may not be quite as light fast as others (Ref: Handprint.com)

? Chroma lists the artist grade Naphthol Crimson (PR170) in the Atelier linewith a lightfastness of ASTM 2 , having a Blue Wool scale of 6 in masstone and 4-5 in tints, which would make it a marginal rating of II - at best. In the Jo Sonja line they state it as ASTM I. They also rate their student grade Cadmium Red Medium Hue (PR170) as ASTM I. Guerra paint & pigment clearly put their 'Naphthol Brilliant' (semi-opaque) as excellent to very good in all tints with a Blue Wool Scale rating of 7-8 in masstone and 6-7 in tints. Still yet, Guerra paint & pigment Naphthol Red Medium (semi-transparent) is rated with a blue wool scale of 6 in mass tone and 4-5 in tints. It seems that the more ooaque versions of this pigment are more lightfast.

Careful attention of brand specs should be made prior to any purchase, recommend making you own light fastness tests on the formulation you have.

PR170:1

Naphthol Red

C.I. Pigment Red 170:1;

Naphthol Red;

Pigment Red 170:1

12475:1

CAS 2786-76-7

Deep Red

2

I-II

40

A

-

PR171

Benzimidazolone Bordeaux

Azoic Plum Violet [GU];

Benzimidazolone Bordeaux;

Benzimidazolone Red;

Benzimidazolone Maroon [WNd];

C.I. Pigment Red 171;

Fast Carmine HFM;

Naphthamide Maroon [DS.o.w];

Permanent Maroon HFMl;

Pigment Red 171;

Purple Madder (hue) [CR]

12512

Benzimidazolone Maroon;

CAS 6985-95-1

Deep dark violet red

4

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

45-70

A

-

PR172

D&C Red No. 3 Aluminium Lake

Antique Extra;

C.I. Pigment Red 172;

Erythrosine;

FD&C Red No. 3;

Geranium Lake;

Madder Lake (hue);

Pigment Red 172;

Rose Dore;

45430:1

Phthalein Aluminium salt;

Erythrosine (CI 45430, Acid Red 51) fixed on a Aluminium base.

CAS 12227-78-0

Mid-shade Red

4

III

-

A

-

PR173

Rhodamine Red

Bengal Rose [WN.g];

C.I. Pigment Red 173;

D&C Red No 19 Al Lake*;

Imperial Purple [SE];

Oleander;

Pigment Red 173;

Pigment Violet 1;

Rhodamine 610;

Rhodamine B [KP.p];

Rhodamine B Alumina Lake;

Rhodamine Lake;

Rhodamine Red;

Rose Malmaison;

Rose Tyrien [WN.g];

Solferino Lake (Tyrian Rose) [SE.p];

Tyrian Rose [SE.p];

45170:3

Rhodamine B Aluminum Lake;

CAS 12227-77-9

Fluorescent Blue red

4

II-III**

55

B*

* "The fluorescent dye Rhodamine B is toxic, and its use is banned in food, textiles, and cosmetics." "With proper preparation, the pigment Rhodamine B Lake is considered harmless, even if ingested." -Dick Blick Site (Ref).;

**Fluorescent paints are not recommended for permanent art work unless it will be completely protected from light.

PR174

Pigment Red 174

C.I. Pigment Red 174;

D&C Red No. 27 Aluminium Lake;

Phloxine B;

Pigment Red 174

45410:2

Phthalein Aluminium Salt;

CAS 15876-58-1

Mid-Shade Red

-

-

-

A

Lipstick

PR175

Benzimidazolone Red HFT

Benzimidazolone Maroon;

Benzimidazolone Scarlet;

Brilliant pink;

Brown Madder (hue) [CR.a(jo) | JO.a];

C.I. Pigment Red 175;

Deep Rose Madder (hue) [MT];

Deep Scarlet [DS.w];

Gafast Pigment Red 175;

Permanent Brown Madder [CR.ao.o];

Permanent Purple Madder [CR];

Permanent Red HFT;

Pigment Red 175;

Purple Red [KP.p];

Red Hot HFT [GU];

Scheveningen Purper Bruin [OH.o.w];

Scheveningen Purple Brown [OH.o.w];

Transparent Maroon;

Transparent Red [HO]

12513

Monoazo; Benzimidazolone;

Gafast Pigment Red 175 (Tech Sheet Reference);

CAS 6985-92-8

Brownish deep red

4

I

BWS
8;8;8 (CR)

BWS
8;8;7
(guerra paint)

45

A

MSDS

-

PR176

Benzimidazolone Carmine

Alizarin Crimson (hue) [CR.a | LK];

Benzimidazolone Carmine;

Benzimidazolone HF3C;

Carmine (hue) [DS.w | RT.o.wo];

Carmine Lake (hue) [CH];

C.I. Pigment Red 176;

Fast Carmine;

Mayan Carmine (hue) [GU];

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [WN.g];

Permanent Carmine HF3C;

Pigment Red 176;

Pigment Red HF 3C;

Purple-Red;

Rose Madder (hue) [AS];

12515

Monoazo; Benzimidazolone;

CAS 12225-06-8

Bluish red;

† Fades, Hue shift towards blueish

4

II

BWS
7;7;6
(guerra paint)

45

A

-

PR177

Anthraquinone Red

Anthraquinoid Red [DS.a.o.w | GU | MG.a.o];

Anthradquinone Red [OH.wo];

Anthraquinone Red [KA.o.p];

Burgundy Wine Red [OH.o.w ];

Carmine (hue) [RT];

Carmine Lake Hue [LB.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 177;

Crimson Lake [HO.o];

Cromophtal Red A3B;

Irgazin Red A2BN;

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [ UT.o.w?* | WN.k.o];

Permanent Crimson [WL.o.p];

Permanent Red A [KP.p];

Permanent Red Deep [MA.w.w];

Pigment Red 177;

Pyrazolone Red Scarlet [WL.o];

Rose Madder;

Ruby Madder;

Vat Red V;

Transparent Red [HO.o]

65300

Anthradquinone;

CAS 4051-63-2

Blue shade deep red

4

I-II

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

 

55

A

MSDS

Good substitute for Alizarin Crimson but not the exact shade or chroma

?**Utrecht's Artist Watercolor "Permanent Alizarin Crimson" is PR83 according to the web site, but is PR177 according to the MSDS sheet. I believe it's probably PR177 because that would be more consistent with the name of "Permanent Alizarin Crimson", with an "excellent" lightfastness rating, and in their oil paints PR177 is under the same color name of "Permanent Alizarin Crimson". Also they they have normal "Alizarin Crimson" PR83 in acrylics, oil colors and watercolor.

PR178

Perylene Red

Anthraquinone Red [GR];

C.I. Pigment Red 178;

Paliogen Red GG;

Paliogen® Red L 3880 HD;

Perylene Crimson [GU];

Perylene Red [DS.w];

Pigment Red 178;

Ruby Lake;

Scheveningen Red Medium [OH]

71155

Perylene;

CAS 3049-71-6

Deep red

†Fades Slightly

2

I

BWS
7-8;7;6-7
(guerra paint)

-

A

MSDS

-

PR179

Perylene Maroon

Alizarin Crimson (hue) [CH];

Anthraquinone;

Carmine (hue);

C.I. Pigment Red 179;

Deep Red [SCH.w];

Florentine Red [SCH.o(Mus)];

Indanthren Red 2G;

Indanthrene Red;

Madder Deep (hue) [SCH.a.o];

Madder Lake (hue) [SCH];

Madder Lake Deep (hue) [SCH.a.o];

Mader Red Deep (hue) [SCH.p];

Maroon Perylene [MG.w];

Paliogen® Maroon [KP.p];

Paliogen® Red K 4180;

Permanent Alizarin Crimson;

Perrindo Maroon [GU];

Perylene Carmine [GU];

Perylene Crimson [WL.o];

Perylene Maroon [GEN | CAS.k | DS.a.o.w | DR.w | DV.w | GR.o.w.wo | HO.w. | LA.a | MW.o | WN.a.g.w.w.wp];

Perylene Maroon (Anthraquinone) [GR.wo];

Perylene Red [CAS.k | DR.w];

Pigment Red 179;

Scheveningen Red Medium [OH];

71130

Synthetic organic;

Perylene;

CAS 5521-31-3

Deep violet red

†Fades, Dulls Slightly

4

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

L

A

MSDS

Good substitute for Alizarin Crimson but not the exact shade or chroma

PR180

Indo Red

C.I. Pigment Red 180;

Indo red light (orange shade);

Pigment Red 180

-

Benzimidazolone

Deep crimson red

-

-

-

A

-

PR181

Daltolite Pink FF

C.I. Pigment Red 181;

Cosmetic Pink RC;

D&C Red No 30 Lake;

Daltolite Pink FF;

Pigment Red 181;

Thioindigoid Magenta

73360

Thioindigoid;

CAS 2379-74-0

Bright yellowish red

-

III

-

A

-

PR183

PV Fast Bordeaux HFR

Azo Alizarin Transparent [RGH.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 183;

Fast Bordeaux HFR;

Pigment Red 183

-

Organic;

Monoazo barium salt;

CAS 51920-11-7

Yellow to blueish red

2

I

-

A

-

PR184

Permanent Rubine F6G

Carmine Red [LA.a];

C.I. Pigment Red 184;

Hampton Red;

Magenta;

Naphthol Rubine;

Permanent Magenta;

Permanent Red Rubine [RGH.o];

Pigment Red 184;

Pigment Rubine F6B;

Rubine Red;

Wine Red [HO.ag]

12487

12433

12485

Monoazo; mixed coupling;

CAS 99402-80-9

Bluish shade Red

4

II-III

45-89

A

MSDS

-

PR185

Permanent Carmine HF4C

Azoic Carmine [GU];

Azoic Carmine (blue shade);

C.I. Pigment Red 185;

Deep Scarlet;

Permanent Carmine HF4C;

Peony Red [HO.o];

Pigment Red 185;

Purple Red [HO.wo]

12516

Monoazo;

Benzimidazolone;

CAS 51920-12-8;

CAS 61951-98-2

Bluish red

4

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

45

A

-

PR187

Permanent Pink FL

Azo Alizarin ;

Azoic Alizarine (blue shade);

Carl's Crimson (Permanent) [WL.o.p];

C.I. Pigment Red 187;

Transparent Red [RGH.o];

Naphthol Red HF4B

Permanent Pink FL;

Pigment Red 187;

Red K4B

12486

Monoazo;

CAS 59487-23-9

Bright or deep bluish red

4

II

83

A

-

PR188

Naphthol Scarlet Lake

Bright Red;

Cadmium Red Scarlet (hue);

Cadmium Red Light Hue [DV];

Chinese Red [HO.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 188;

Geranium Lake [HO.o];

Geranium Red;

Deep Red;

Light Vermilion (hue) [CH];

Naphthol Carbamide;

Naphthol Carmine;

Napthol Opaque [GU**];

Naphthol Red [CL | MH.o | PF];

Naphthol Red AS;

Napthol Red Light [GU*];

Naphthol Vermilion [OH.a];

Organic Vermilion [DS.a.i.o.w];

Permanent Carmine;

Permanent Red [DV.a.o.w];

Permanent Scarlet Lake [CR];

Pigment Red 188;

Red [DV.w | HO.wo];

Red (Permanent} [DV.w];

Red, Light (Vermilion);

Rouge Vermilion (hue) [LB.o];

Scarlet Lake [WN.k.w.wp.];

Scheveningen Red Light [OH];

Vermilion (hue) [SE.a];

Vivid Red Orange [LQ.a];

Winsor Red [WN]

12467

Monoazo;

Naphthol AS BON arylamide;

CAS 61847-48-1

Bright yellowish red

†Darkens, Dulls, Fades Slightly

2-3

I-II

BWS
7;6-7;6*
(guerra paint)

BWS
8;7;7**
(guerra paint)

H

B

** The opaque form of this pigment seems to be slightly more light fast

PR190

Perylene Scarlet

C.I. Pigment Red 190;

Indanthren Scarlet R;

Perylene Red;

Perylene Scarlet;

Pigment Red 190

71140

Perylene;

CAS 6424-77-7

Mid-shade Red

2

I

32

B

-

PR192

Quinacridone Red

Acra red;

Acridone Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 192;

Pigment Red 192;

Quinacridone Red[

Thalo Red Rose;

-

Organic synthetic;

quinacridone

Bluish red

4

I

-

B

-

PR193

Amaranth Lake

Amaranth Lake;

Ariabel Red 18.42;

C.I. Pigment Red 193;

Pigment Red 193

16185:1

Monoazo;

CAS 12227-62-2

Bluish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR194

Perinone Red

C.I. Pigment Red 194

Perinone Red;

Permanent Red Dark [KP.p];

Perinone Red Deep;

Pigment Red 194;

Vat Bordeaux [GU];

Vat Perinone [GU];

Vat R74;

71100

Perinone; Anthraquinone;

CAS 4216-02-8

Dull deep bluish Red

3

I

*BWS
8; 7-8; 7
(guerra paint)

-

A

Good to High Tinting Strenght (Ref:guerra paint);

PR197 Pigment Red 197

C.I Pigment Red 197

Indo Double Scarlet [GU];

Pigment Red 197;

Red 197

-

Polycarbocyclic Anthraquinone;

Photo and thermally stable (Ref: S. Haremsa, “Naphthalimide Dyes and Pigments” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of
Industrial Chemistry, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft GmbH, 2005, pp. 8.)

Deep Scarlet Orange Red 4

I

BWS
8; 8; 8
(guerra paint)

- - -

PR200

Radiant Red

C.I. Pigment Red 200;

Pigment Red 200;

Radiant Red

15867

Monoazo;

CAS 58067-05-3

Bright bluish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR202

Quinacridone Crimson

C.I. Pigment Red 202;

Monastral Magenta;

Permanent Red Violet [RT.o];

Pigment Red 202;

Quinacridone Crimson;

Quinacridone Fuchsia DV.w | [DS.o.w];

Quinacridone Magenta [DS.w | GU | RGH.o];

Quinacridone Magenta Deep [CAS.k];

Quinacridone Red [SQ.a];

Quindo Magenta

73907

Quinacridone;

CAS 3089-17-6

Bluish magenta to mid red

4

I

BWS
8; 8; 8
(guerra paint)

BWS
7-8; 7; 7
(Sun Chemical)

32

A

-

PR204

Pigment Red 204

C.I. Pigment Red 204;

Poly Red EBR [GU];

Pigment Red 204

-

Organic; Polycyclic compound (Apparently pigments that are not azo (Ref: Pigment Compendium)), exact chemical structure not disclosed.

dull to full shade red, blueish undertone

1-2

I

BWS
8; 8; 8
(guerra paint)

-

A

withdrawn from market (Ref: Industrial organic pigments)

PR206

Quinacridone Burnt Scarlet

Acra Burnt Orange;

Alizarin Crimson Hue [WN.w];

Avignon Orange [MA.o(Puro).w];

Brown Madder (hue) [WN.w.wp.wp(L)];

Burnt Orange (Quinacridone) [DV.a];

C.I. Pigment Red 206;

Cinquasia® Chestnut brown [KP.p];

Crimson Lake;

Madder Brown (hue) [SCH.a.w];

Madder Root Tone [SCH.o(Mus)];

Monastral Maroon;

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [WN.wo.w.wp.wp(L)];

Permanent Alizarin Crimson Deep [SE.o];

Pigment Red 206;

Quinacridone Burnt Orange [DR.a | DV.af | GO.a.af.ao | LQ.a | MA | WN.a];

Quinacridone Burnt Scarlet [DS.a.o.p.w];

Quinacridone Maroon [GU];

Quinacridone Orange [MA.a];

Quinacridone Pyrrolidine Red;

Quinacridone Russet [GU];

Rose Madder (hue);

Rose Madder Hue [WN.w];

Transparent Red Brown [DR.w]

73900+

73920

Mixed crystal phase quinacridone;

LBNL Pigment Database Spectral radiative properties;

Acra Burnt Orange;

CAS 1503-48-6;

CAS 71819-76-6

Dark Orange to violet Brown

†Fades, Dulls

4

I

BWS
8; 8; 8
(guerra paint)

40-60

A

Similar to Alizarin in chroma and transparency; but Red brown in mass tone with orange undertone

PR207

Quinacridone Scarlet

Acra Scarlet;

C.I. Pigment Red 207;

Monastral Scarlet;

Pigment Red 207;

Quinacridone Red [ GO.ao | RGH.o];

Quinacridone Red Gold [RGH.o];

Quinacridone Red Light [GO.a];

Quinacridone Scarlet [GU];

Red Empire [CH];

Transparent Red Medium [RT.o.wo]

 

73906+

73900

Substituted dichloro-quinacridone; Mixed crystal phase quinacridone;

CAS 71819-77-7

Yellowish red

† Fades

2-3

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

32-48

A

-

PR208

Benzimidazolone Red HF2B

Benzimidazolone Red;

Benzimidazolone Red HF2B;

C.I. Pigment Red 208;

Cinnabar Red (hue) [SE.o];

Pigment Red 208;

PV-Red HF2B

12514

Benzimidazolone;

CAS 31778-10-6

Bright red

4

I

45-86

A

-

PR209

Quinacridone Red

Acra Red;

Cherry Red [HO.w];

C.I. Pigment Red 209;

Cochenille Red;

Cochineal Red (hue) [SCH.p];

Crimson Lake [SE.o];

Hostaperm Red EG;

Madder Brilliant (hue) [SCH.a];

Madder Lake Brilliant (hue) [SCH.o(Mus)];

Madder Light (hue) [SCH.o];

Permanent Geranium Lake [WN.k];

Pigment Red 209;

Quinacridone Coral [DS.a.o.p.w];

Quinacridone Lake;

Quinacridone Red [GEN | BX.o.w | DR.w | DV.af.w | LQ.a | MA.a.o | MG.a.g.o.w | UT | WN.a.o.w.wp.];

Quinacridone Red EG;

Quinacridone Red Gamma;

Quinacridone Red Orange [SE.w];

Quinacridone Scarlet [HO.w..wo];

Quinacridone Scarlet (Cherry Red) [HO.w.wo];

Quinacridone Yellow Red;

Rose Madder Lake (hue) [DB.o | SE.o];

Rose Madder Light (hue) [DB.o];

Rose Madder Quinacridone [DV.af];

Ruby Lake [OH.w];

Ruby Red [OH.a];

Tiziano Red [MA.o.w];

Transparent Red Medium [RT.a.a]

73905

Quinacridone;

LBNL Pigment Database Spectral radiative properties;

Acra Red;

CAS 3573-01-1

Pinkish to mid red

†Fades, Hue shift towards blueish

4

I

BWS
7; 7; 6
(Sun Chemical)

60

A

-

PR210

Naphthol Red (Medium)

C.I. Pigment Red 210;

Deep Naphthol Red [CH];

Graphtol Red NFB [KP.p];

Naphthol Red Deep [CH];

Naphthol Red (Medium);

Permanent Red F6RK;

Pigment Red 210;

Pigment Red P-FK

12477

12475

12474

p-Aminobenzamide mixed coupling with Naphthol;

CAS 61932-63-6

Bluish shade red

3

II

BWS
6-7; 6; 5
(Sun Chemical)

45

A

-

PR211

Symuler Red 3042

C.I. Pigment Red 211;

Pigment Red 211;

Symuler Red 3042

-

Monoazo calcium salt;

CAS 107397-16-0

Yellowish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR212

Red Violet BF

C.I. Pigment Red 212;

Pigment Red 31;

Pigment Red 212;

Red Violet BF

12360

Organic; Azo;

CAS 6448-96-0

Bluish shade red

1

I-II-III*?

45

A

Same as PR 31? (Ref)

* conflicting info

PR213

Symuler Red 3042

C.I. Pigment Red 213;

Pigment Red 213;

Symuler Red 3042

-

Monoazo

Bright bluish red

2

III

-

A

-

PR214

Fastogen Super Red 2R

C.I. Pigment Red 214;

Disazo Condensation Red;

Fastogen Super Red 2R;

Pigment Red 214;

Sandorin BN [GU];

Scheveningen Deep Red [OH.o.w];

Scheveningen Red Deep [OH.o.w]

200660

Disazo condensation;

CAS 82643-43-4;

CAS 40618-31-3

Dark medium red †Dulls, Fades

2-3

I-II

BWS
8;7;7
(guerra paint)

55

A

-

PR216

Pyranthrone Red Deep

Brown madder(hue) [HO.w];

C.I. Pigment Red 216;

Indo Double Scarlet [GU];

Paliogen Red 3530;

Pigment Red 216;

Pyranthrone Red;

Pyranthrone Red Deep [GU]

59710

Brominated pyrathrone;

anthraquinone;

CAS 1324-33-0;

CAS 71838-93-2

Dark deep red;

† Fades

4

I-IV*

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

-

A

*ASTM rates light fastness as I, others sources rate as fugitive IV (Ref handprint.com). and still other sources (guerra paint) rates this pigment the highest Blue Wool scale possible in all tints. This implies manufacturer or other factors may contribute to the discrepancies. Suggest making your own tests.

 

PR220 Cromophtal Red G

C.I. Pigment Red 220;

Cromophtal K 3830;

Cromophtal® Red G;

Chromophal Scarlet Deep [GU];

Homapol Red P0344;

Pigment Red 220;

20055

Disazo condensation;

(Ref: dyestuffintermediates.com)

Scarlet Red, High concentraion,high hiding power, strong tinting strength,and excellent resistance to acid,alkali, and light . Mainly used in printing ink, paint, leather, rubber, plastics, building materials.

Patent:US 20040030010 A1

C50H42Cl2N6O8

CAS 68259-05-2

Deep Mid Red 3

i

BWS
8;8;7
(guerra paint)

- - -

PR221

Pigment Red 221

Carmine (hue) [HO.o];

Carmine Hue;

C.I. Pigment Red 221;

Cromophtal Red 2B;

Madder (hue) [HO.wo];

Pigment Red 221;

Pink Madder (hue) [HO.o];

Pink Madder Hue;

Rose Madder (hue) [HO.o];

Rose Madder Hue

20065

Condensed Disazo;

CAS 61815-09-6;

CAS 71566-54-6

Bluish red

4

II

38

A

-

PR223

Irgazin Red

C.I. Pigment Red 223;

Irgazin Red Medium [GU];

Pigment Red 223

-

Irgazin;

Naphthol AS;

Bright Red; yellow undertone

2-3

I

BWS
8;7;7
(guerra paint)

 

-

A

-

PR224

Perylene Red

C.I. Pigment Red 224;

Irgazin Red BPT;

Perylene Red;

Perrindo® Red 224

Pigment Red 224;

Sanquine Brown [CH]

71127

Perylene;

CAS 128-69-8

dark bluish red or maroon

1-4

I

BWS
8; 7-8; 7
(Sun Chemical)

-

A

-

PR226

Pyrathrone red

C.I. Pigment Red 226;

Pigment Red 226;

Pyrathrone red;

Pyranthrone Red Medium [GU];

Pyranthrone Scarlet Deep [GU]

-

Polycarbocyclic Anthraquinone;

Brominated pyrathrone red

Dark yellow red

4

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

 

-

-

-

PR230

Chrome Alumina Pink Corundum

Chrome Alumina Pink;

C.I. Pigment Red 230;

Corundum;

Pigment Red 230

77003

Inorganic;

Chrome Alumina Pink Corundum;

high temperature reaction product of a mixture of varied amounts of Aluminum (III) Oxide and Chromium (III) Oxide that are interdiffused at a ionic level that creates a corundum form crystalline matrix. It may have one or more of the modifiers Mn2O, SnO2 or ZnO.

CPMA 3-03-5 (4th ed. CMPA Classification and Chemical Description of the Complex Inorganic Color Pigments)

CAS 68187-27-9

Pink

4

-

-

B

-

PR231

Manganese Alumina Pink Corundum

C.I. Pigment Red 231;

Manganese Alumina Corundum;

Manganese Alumina Pink Corundum;

Pigment Red 231

77005

Inorganic;

Manganese Alumina Pink Corundum (Al,Mn)2O3 is produced by high temperature calcining of a mixture of aluminium oxides and manganese oxides in varied amounts creating a corundum crystalline matrix. It may include P2O5 as a modifier. (Ref Color Index 4th edition);

CPMA 3-04-5 (4th ed. CMPA Classification and Chemical Description of the Complex Inorganic Color Pigments)

CAS 68186-99-2

Bluish pink

4

-

-

B

-

PR232

Zirconium Iron Pink Zircon

C.I. Pigment Red 232;

Iron Coral;

Iron Coral Zircon;

Iron Pink;

Iron Pink Zircon;

Iron Zirconate;

Pigment Red 232;

Zirconium Iron Pink Zircon;

Zirconium Iron Zircon;

Zircon Iron Coral

77996

Inorganic;

Zirconium Iron Pink Zircon (Zr,Fe)SiO4 is created by calcining at high temperature a mixture with varying ratios of Zirconium (IV) Oxide, Silicon (IV) Oxide, and Iron (III) Oxide that creates a zircon form crystalline matrix. It may contain less than 5% of either or any one of the alkali and/or alkaline earth halides used as modifiers during the creation of the pigment. (Ref Color Index 4th edition);

CPMA 14-44-5;

Iron Coral Zircon,

CAS 68187-13-3;

Iron Pink Zircon,

CAS 68412-79-3

Yellowish pink

-

-

-

-

-

PR233

Chrome Tin Pink

(Potter's Pink)

Chrome Tin Pink Sphene;

Chrome-Tin Pink;

Chromium Tin Pink Sphene;

C.I. Pigment Red 233;

English Pink;

Inorganic Pigment Pink;

Mineral Lake;

Pigment Red 233;

Pink color;

Pink colour;

Pinkcolor [KP.p];

Pinkcolor Deep [KP.p];

Potter's Pink [GEN | DS.a.o.w | NP.ad.p.w | WN.a.w.wp.];

Potter's Pink (Pinkcolor) [DS.a.o.w];

Sicocer F Pink;

Tin Chromate;

Tin Pink;

77301

Synthetic Inorganic;

Tin Chromium Silicate;

Chrome Tin Pink is produced by calcining, at high temperatures, varied ratios of Calcium (II) Oxide, Tin (IV) Oxide, Silicon (IV) Oxide, and Chromium (III) Oxide creating a crystalline tin sphene. It may have either one or both of the modifiers Boric Oxide and/or Lead(II) oxide. (Ref Color Index 4th edition);

Tin Chromium Silicate;

Chrome Tin Sphene;

Chrome Aluminum Stannate;

CPMA 12-25-5;

CAS 68187-12-2

Dull light red, pink

2

I

L

A**

MSDS

Pigment available from Natural Pigments;

** PR 233 may contain lead oxide as a modifier, but it is unlikely to be in most modern formulations.

Neither the Winsor & Newton, Natural Pigments or the Daniel Smith versions of potter's pink (PR 233) have a PROP 65 warning label, so they do not contain lead.

PR235

Chrome Alumina Pink Spinel

Aluminum Chromium Zinc Pink;

Aluminum Chromium Zinc Pink Spinel;

Chrome Alumina Pink Spinel;

C.I. Pigment Red 235;

Pigment Red 235;

Zinc Chrome Alumina Pink

77290

Inorganic;

Chrome Alumina Pink Zinc Spinel is a calcined mixture of Aluminum (III) Oxide, Zinc (II) Oxide and Chromium (III) Oxide in varied ratios that are intimately interdiffused creating a spinel form crystalline matrix. The addition of B2O3, Fe2O3, MgO and/or PbO can be used to modify hue and/or other properties.;

CPMA 13-32-5

CAS 68201-65-0

Pink

-

-

-

B

-

PR236

Chrome Tin Orchid Cassiterite

Chrome Tin Cassiterite;

Chrome Tin Orchid Cassiterite;

Chromium Orchid Cassiterite;

C.I. Pigment Red 236;

Pigment Red 236

77863

Inorganic;

Chrome Tin Orchid Cassiterite (Sn,Cr)O2 is produced by calcining a mixture of Tin (IV) Oxide and Chromium (III) Oxide at high temperature and in varied ratios (tailoring the hue and/or other properties) to create a interdiffused crystalline matrix of cassiterite. Its constitution may include any one or more the modifiers B2O3, CaO and/or CeO2 (Reference: 4th ed. CMPA Classification and Chemical Description of the Complex Inorganic Color Pigments).;

CPMA 11-23-5

CAS 68187-53-1

Pinkish

-

-

-

B

-

PR238

Naphthol Red (Rubine Shade)

Carmine (hue);

C.I. Pigment Red 238;

Naphthol Red (Rubine Shade);

Permanent Carmine F5B SCW;

Pigment Red 238

-

Monoazo;

CAS 140114-63-2

Bluish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR239

Pigment Red 4BS

C.I. Pigment Red 239;

Pigment Red 239;

Pigment Red 4BS

-

Monoazo

Mid-shade Red

4

-

-

A

-

PR242

Disazo Condensation Scarlet

Brilliant Scarlet [SCH.o(Mus)];

Cadmium Red Hue [LK];

Cadmium Red Tone [SCH.g];

C.I. Pigment Red 242;

Disazo Condensation Scarlet;

French Vermilion (hue) [SE.w];

Permanent Red [LK];

Pigment Red 242;

Sandorin Scarlet 4RF;

Scarlet [SCH];

20067

Disazo condensation;

CAS 52238-92-3

Bright yellowish red

†Fades, dulls, hue shift towards blueish

2

I

56

A

-

PR243

Pigment Red 243

C.I. Pigment Red 243;

Lionol Red 498;

Pigment Red 243

15910

Monoazo;

CAS 50326-33-5

Bright yellowish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR245

Naphthol Red Strong Medium Shade

C.I. Pigment Red 245;

Fast Pink No. 3;

Naphthol Red Strong Medium Shade;

Permanent Pink;

Pigment Red 245

12317

Monoazo;

CAS 68016-05-7

Bluish pink

2

I

40

A

-

PR251

Pyrazolo-quinazolone scarlet

C.I. Pigment Red 251;

Pyrazoloquinazolone Scarlet;

Permanent Red [SCHd];

Pigment Red 251;

Vermilion extra [OH.o.w];

Vermilion Red (hue);

Vermilion Red deep (hue) [SCH.o]

12925

Pyrazoloquinazolone;

CAS 74336-60-0

Light bright red

2

I

-

A

-

PR252

Pyrazo Quinazo

C.I. Pigment Red 252;

Pigment Red 252;

Pyrazo Quinazo [GU]

-

Pyrazoloquinazolone

Light bright yellow red

-

I-II

BWS
7;7;6
(guerra paint)

-

A

-

PR253

Graphtol Red GLF

C.I. Pigment Red 253;

Graphtol Red GLF;

Novoperm Red GLF;

Pigment Red 253

12375

Monoazo; Naphthol AS 

CAS 85776-13-2

Bright red

3

II-III

65

A

-

PR254

Pyrrole Red

Bright Red [SE.o | WN.o];

C.I. Pigment Red 254;

Ferrari Red*;

Blockx Red [BX.o.w];

Cadmium Red Deep (hue) [RT.o?];

Cadmium Red Hue [HO.wo];

Chinese Red, vermillion (hue) [SI.p];

Cromophtol Red;

Da Vinci Red [DV.w];

Gafast Pigment Red 254 - 111;

Gafast Pigment Red 254 - 222;

Irgazin Red;

Irgazin DPP Red BO [KP.p];

Lukas Red [LK];

Microlith Red;

Magnacryl Red;

Matisse Red Light [MT];

Naphthol Red Medium? [RT];

Permanent Red [RT.o];

Permanent Red Deep [CH | RT.o.w];

Pigment Red 254;

Pyrrol Ruby Red [BR];

Pyrrol Red [CAS.k | DS.a.i.o.w | HO.w. | MG.a.w];

Pyrrol Red Light [CAS.k];

Pyrrole Red [GEN | CL | CR.ao.o | DR.a | GO.a.af.ag.ao | LA.a | LQ.a | MA.a | RT.a.a.wo | SE.a | WN.a];

Pyrrole Red BO [GU];

Pyrrole Red Dark [GO.ao];

Pyrrole Red Deep [ OH.a];

Pyrrole Red DPP [KA.p];

Pyrrole Red Medium [SQ.a | TA.a.af];

Quinacridone Pyrrole [GU];

Richeson Red [SQ.a];

Sandal Red [MA.a.o.w];

Scarlet [MA.w | SCH.g];

Scarlet Red [ SCH.g.w | SI.p];

Scharlach [SCH.g.w];

Sennelier Red [SE.w];

Transparent Pyrrole Red Medium [SQ.a | TA.a.af ];

Unisphere Red;

Vermilion Hue [DR.o];

Vermilion Light Hue [MA];

Versal Red;

Winsor Red [WN.g.w.wp.wp(L)];

XSL Irgazine® Red DPP [KP.p]

56110

Diketopyrrolo pyrrole;

Gafast Pigment Red 254 - 111 (Tech Sheet Reference);

Gafast Pigment Red 254 - 222 (Tech Sheet Reference);

CAS 122390-98-1/

84632-65-5

Bright mid-shade red; † Fades, May Dull or hue shift towards blueish

1-2

I

BWS
8;8;8 (CR)

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

44-64

A

MSDS

* Ferrari Red comes from the use of PR 254 as the red color for the Ferrari (automobile), from 2000 to 2002(Ref)

PR255

Pyrrole Scarlet

Cadmium Red Hue;

C.I. Pigment Red 255;

Cinnabar Red (hue) [LK];

Coral Red;

Diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole scarlet;

Irgazin DPP Red 5G;

Irgazin® DPP Scarlet [KP.p];

Matisse Scarlet DPP [MT];

Permanent Red [LK];

Permanent Red Medium [RT.o.w];

Pigment Red 255;

Pyrrol Scarlet [DS.o.w];

Pyrrole Red;

Pyrrole Red Light [GO.af | SE.a | SQ.a | TA.a.af | WN.a.o.w];

Pyrrole Vermilion [OH.a];

Pyrrole Scarlet;

Pyrrolo Red [BX.o.w];

Pyrrolo Scarlet;

Pyrrolo Vermilion; [BX.o.w];

Scarlet;

Scarlet Lake [WN.o];

Sennelier Red [SE.o];

Vermilion (hue) [SCH.w];

Vermilion Hue [DR.w];

Vermilion Red (hue) [SCH.a.a.p];

Vermilion Red Tone [SCH.o(Mus)];

Vermilion Tone [SCH.g]

561050

Diketopyrrolo pyrrole;

CAS 120500-90-5

Bright red slightly yellower than PR254

2

I

40-59

A

MSDS

-

PR256

Graphtol Scarlet 3RLF

C.I. Pigment Red 256;

Graphtol Scarlet 3RLF;

Pigment Red 256

-

Azo

Bright yellowish red

-

-

-

A

-

PR257

Organic Nickel Violet

C.I. Pigment Red 257;

Nickel Complex Red-Violet;

Organic Nickel Violet [GU];

Pigment Red 257;

Red Violet 3RL

562700

Heterocyclic Nickel Complex;

Metal Complex-Methine;

CAS 117989-29-4;

CAS 70833-37-3

Bluish Red

-

I

BWS
8;8;8
(guerra paint)

-

B

-

PR258

Shimura Fast Red

C.I. Pigment Red 258;

Pigment Red 258;

Scarlet 296;

Shimura Fast Red 4127

12318

Monoazo;

CAS 57301-22-1

Bluish red

-

-

-

-

-

PR259

Ultramarine Pink

C.I. Pigment Red 259;

Pigment Red 259;

Pink Ultramarine;

Ultramarine Red [KP.p];

Ultramarine Red, Antique Pink [SE];

Ultramarine Red Pink [OH.o.w];

Ultramarine Red Violet;

Ultramarine Pink [GEN | MG.w];

Ultramarine Rose [DB.o | EP.p | SE.o]

77007

Inorganic; polysulfide of sodium, potassium, lithium, or silver and aluminosilicate

Dark to light bluish pink

3

I

-

A

-

PR260

Isoindoline scarlet

C.I. Pigment Red 260;

Isoindoline Red [GU];

Isoindoline scarlet;

Paliogen Red L3585 HD;

Pigment Red 260;

Vermillion (hue);

Vermillion Extra (hue) [OH];

56295

Isoindoline;

CAS 71552-60-8

Bright light yellow shade red

2

I

BWS
8;7;7
(guerra paint)

-

-

-

PR262

Sandorin Red 2BN

C.I. Pigment Red 262;

Pigment Red 262;

Sandorin Red 2BN

-

Disazo

Bright red

-

-

-

A

-

PR264

Pyrrole Red Rubine

Carmine (hue) [LK | RT.a];

C.i. Pigment Red 264;

Crimson Lake [BX.o.w];

Crimson Pyrrolo [BX.o.w];

Diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole Rubine;

Gafast Pigment Red 264;

Madder Lake (hue) [RT.wo];

Madder Lake Deep (hue) [LK];

Madder Ruby (hue) [SCH.o];

Permanent Alizarin Crimson [MG.w | WN];

Permanent Madder [RT];

Permanent Madder Deep [RT.o];

Permanent Madder Lake [RT];

Pyrrole Alizarine [CR];

Pyrrol Crimson [DS.o.w];

Pyrrole Crimson [LQ.a];

Pyrrole Red Dark [GO.a];

Pyrrole Red Rubine;

Pyrrole Rubine [HO.w.];

Pigment Red 264;

Rose Madder Deep (hue) [SQ.a];

Ruby DPP [KP.p];

Ruby Red;

Irgazin DPP Red 4013;

Irgazin Ruby;

Irgazine® Ruby DPP TR [KP.p];

Winsor Red Deep [WN.w.wp.]

561300

Diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole

Gafast Pigment Red 264 (Tech Sheet Reference);

Dark deep red, violet undertone; †Fades Slightly

3

I-II*

62

A

MSDS

Beautiful deep ruby red; Good substitute for Alizarin Crimson;

Unrated by ASTM, manufacturer spec sheets indicate a rating of I for the pure pigment, other sources give a marginal II in watercolor tests (Ref).

PR265

Cerium Sulfide Red

Cerium Sulfide Red;

C.I. Pigment Red 265;

Neolor Red S;

Pigment Red 265

77283:2

Inorganic; Cerium Sulfide;

CAS 12014-96-6

Mid-shade Red

1

I

20-28

A

-

PR266

Permanent Red P-F7RK

C.I. Pigment Red 266;

Naphthol Red 4B;

Naphthol Red Medium Shade;

Permanent Red P-F7RK;

Pigment Red 266;

Pigment Red P-F7RK

12474

Monoazo; Naphthol AS;

CAS 2786-76-7

Mid- shade to bluish red

-

II-III

45

A

MSDS

-

PR268

Permanent Scarlet OA

C.I. Pigment Red 268;

Naphthol Red Warm Light Shade;

Permanent Scarlet OA;

Pigment Red 268

12316

Monoazo; Naphthol;

CAS 16403-84-2

Light Bright red

-

III

40-45

A

MSDS

-

PR269

Naphthol Red RA 1087

C.I. Pigment Red 269;

Naphthol Red RA 1087;

Naphthol Red Bluish Dark Shade;

Pigment Red 269

12466

Monoazo; Naphthol;

CAS 67990-05-0

Bright bluish red

-

III

† Hue shift bluer

45

A

MSDS

-

PR270

Pyrrole Red

C.I. Pigment Red 270;

Irgazin DPP Red 5049B;

Irgazin DPP Orange RTR;

Pigment Red 270;

Pyrrole Red

-

Diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole

-

-

I

-

A

-

PR271

Nickel Isoindoline

C.I. Pigment Red 271;

Nickel Isoindoline complex;

Paliogen Red L 3675;

Pigment Red 271

-

Nickel Isoindoline complex

Mid-shade Red

-

-

-

B

-

PR272

Pigment Red 272

C.I. Pigment Red 272;

Cromophtal DPP Flame Red FP;

Pigment Red 272

561150

Diketopyrrolo pyrrole

Bright red

-

-

-

A

-

PR273

FD&C Red 40 Alum Lake

C.I. Pigment Red 273;

FD&C Red 40 Alum Lake;

Pigment Red 273

16035:1

Monoazo;

CAS 68583-95-9

Yellowish red to mid-shade red

4

-

-

A

-

PR274

Neelicol Ponceau 4R Lake

Acid Red 18;

Brilliant Ponceau;

Carmine (hue);

C.I. Pigment Red 274;

Cochineal Red A;

Food Red 6

Food red no. 102;

Naphthalene Scarlet 4RS;

Neelicol Ponceau 4R Lake;

New Coccine;

Pigment Red 274;

Strawberry Red;

SX Purple

16255; 16255:1

Diketo-pyrrolo pyrrole;

CAS 12227-64-4

Bright deep red

4

-

-

A

-

PR275

Cerium Sulfide Maroon

Cerium Sulfide Burgundy;

Cerium Sulfide Maroon;

C.I. Pigment Red 275;

Neolor Burgundy;

Neolor Maroon;

Pigment Red 275

77283:0

Inorganic;

Cerium Sulfide;

CAS 12014-93-6

yellow to orange to red*

-

I

20-28

A

Said to be good non toxic cadmium red substitute (Ref Pigment Compendium 'Cerium Sulfide');

* During manufacture, the addition of an alkaline element (lithium, sodium) in small proportions, produces lighter and orange-yellow shades. (Ref Pigment Compendium 'Cerium Sulfide');

PR276

Pigment Red 276

C.I. Pigment Red 276;

Engeltone Scarlet 1112;

Pigment Red 276

-

Azo;

CAS IES 11581-2/3

Bluish Red

-

-

-

A

-

PR279

Thiazine-indigo

C.I. Pigment Red 279:

Pigment Red 279;

Novoperm THI Red 4G;

PV Fast THI Red 4G;

THI Red 4G;

Thiazine-indigo;

Vermillion Red (hue) [PF.w]

-

Thiazine-indigo

Bright yellowish red

1

I

57

-

-

PR282

Quinacridone Magenta

C.I. Pigment Red 282;

IRGAZIN® Magenta 2012;

Pigment Red 282;

Quinacridone Magenta

73915

Quinacridone

Bluish Red

4

I

73

A

-

PR286

MayaCrom Red R2001F

C.I. Pigment Red 286;

MayaCrom Red R2001F;

Pigment Red 286

-

Patented Organic-Inorganic hybred based on the chemistry of Mayan Blue with a unique nano crystal lattice. Reference the Patent application.;

Article about Hybred Pigments and Mayan Blue in New Journal of Chemistry 2005 , 29 , p.57–58 (Article Reference PDF);

-

-

-

65

A

See below

PR287

MayaCrom Red R2051;

C.I. Pigment Red 287;

MayaCrom Red R2051;

Mayan Red [DS.w];

Mayan Red Genuine [DS.w];

Pigment Red 287

-

Patented Organic-/Inorganic hybred based on the chemistry of Mayan Blue with a unique nano crystal lattice. Reference the Tech data sheet, and Patent application.;

Article about Hybred Pigments and Mayan Blue in New Journal of Chemistry 2005 , 29 , p.57–58 (Article Reference PDF);

Yellowish red

-

I

65

A

MSDS

"evolved from work done at the University of Texas-El Paso to reconstruct the unique vibrant blue color developed by the Maya civilization more than 1000 years ago, using an inorganic and organic component to produce a highly stable hybrid pigment."

- TOR Minerals International Press release, (Ref Mayan Pigments);

PR288

MayaCrom® Red R7400

C. I . Pigment Red 288[

MayaCrom® Red R7400

-

Patented Organic-/Inorganic hybred based on the chemistry of Mayan Blue with a unique nano crystal lattice. Reference the Tech data sheet, and Patent application.;

-

-

I

65

A

MSDS

see above

PR571?

Pigment Red 571

C.I. Pigment Red 571?

-

Monoazo;

Naphthol AS

-

-

-

-

-

-



PAINT AND PIGMENT REFERANCE TABLE KEY:    Page Top^
Jump to : Supplier\Manufacturer Codes  |  Binder/Medium Codes

Opacity

1 = opaque
4 = trans.

Light
Fastness

I = excel.
IV=Fugitive

Toxic


Color Index Generic Name:
  Key Top ^ Page Top^
This is the C.I. Generic Name (abbreviated) given by the ASTM and Colour Index International (CII) for that pigment. The first 2 or 3 letters describe the general pigment color and the number is the individual pigment identifier. N/A (not applicable) means that pigment has not been given a color index name or number.

Natural Dye and Solvent Pigments
These are naturally occurring organic pigments and dyes. With a few exceptions, most are plant or animal extracts or dyes that need to be fixed to a substrate to become pigments (i.e. Madder Lake). A few are organic natural earths such as Cassel earth (Van Dyke Brown). They are designated with C.I. Generic name of which consists of the usage class "Natural" and basic hue, followed by the CI serial number (i.e. Natural Brown 8). Natural pigment CI generic names are often abbreviated with the usage class N + the hue abbreviation + the serial number. (i.e. NBr 8)
  Pigment
Pigments can be organic or Inorganic. Most modern pigments are given this usage designation by the Color Index. They can be completely synthetic, naturally occurring minerals, or lakes based on the synthetic derivatives of natural dyes. Pigments are designated with C.I. Generic name which consists of the usage class "Pigment" and the basic hue followed by the CI serial number (i.e. Pigment Red 106, Cadmium Red). The pigment CI generic names are often abbreviated with the usage class P + the hue abbreviation + the serial number. (i.e. PR83 for Pigment Red 83)

 

NY = Natural Yellow;
NO = Natural Orange;
NR = Natural Red;
NV = Natural Violet;
NB = Natural Blue;
NG = Natural Green;
NBr = Natural Brown;
NBk = Natural Black;
NW = Natural White;

 

 

PY = Pigment Yellow;
PO = Pigment Orange;
PR = Pigment Red;
PV = Pigment Violet;
PB = Pigment Blue;
PG = Pigment Green;
PBr = Pigment Brown;
PBk = Pigment Black;
PW = Pigment White;
PM = Pigment Metal

 

The CI (Color Index) Common Pigment Name:   Key Top ^ Page Top^
In this database the common name is the name given in the Color Index (third edition, 1997) by the Color Index International published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, and are also used by the ASTM International, American Society for Testing and Materials.

When the Colour Index (3rd edition) has not specified a name, I have used the name that the first manufacturer, inventor or original patent holder has given that pigment. In the case of ancient pigments, historic pigments, minerals or other odd pigments, I have used the most commonly used traditional historic, mineral or chemical name as determined by my research.


Common, Historic and Marketing Names:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

These are the various names that have been used for that pigment whether or not it is the correct usage. This is NOT an endorsement of any particular name, but merely a collection of names that are in common usage or have been used in the past according to historic pigment books & references, paint sales literature, and pigment manufacturers references. They have been collected (in order of importance) from

1.) Paint manufacturers, pigment manufacturers and/or other pigment supplier literature;

2.) Various web sites in particular AMIEN.org, Dick Blick Artist Supply, Handprint.com, Kremer Pigments, Natural Pigments, Kama Pigments, Sinopia Pigments, PCImag.com and along with internet forums on art and painting, web sites of paint manufacturers, paint suppliers, chemical manufactures and pigment manufacturers;.

3.) The Color Index, Third edition (published by the Colour Index International, 1997);

4.) Historical books on pigments, oil painting, watercolor painting and other art forms (see Free Art e-Books);

5.) Artist manuals and handbooks (see the bottom of the Pigment Database's main page for a complete list of reference works);

6.) Various dictionaries and encyclopedias (both historic and contemporary).

 

(hue):
When a manufacturer has has used a common historical name for a pigment that is not the accepted traditional historic pigment name and has not clearly indicated it to be a hue or substitute, I have indicated it with the "(hue)"* in parenthesis. For example calling\naming a paint made with Phthalocyanine Blue as "Azure", "Smalt" or "Cobalt Blue".

*In order to stay within ASTM specification D 4302-05, manufactures are encouraged to use the word "hue" when the paint or pigment marketing name is not the real name of a paint or a pigment. Substitute and tone could be also considered acceptable means of indicating a hue substitute for the actual color. However, the ASTM specifications are usually voluntary and there is little means to enforce them. Also because of language differences, changes in the paint or pigments common identification because of contemporary usage (often perpetrated by manufacturer's incorrect color marketing names), and last but not least - the sheer multitude of historically used paint names for any given paint\pigment, it's nearly impossible to prove or say a manufacturer of art materials is being purposely deceptive.

 

C.I. Constitution Number or Colour Index Constitution Number (chemical composition):   Key Top ^ Page Top^

These are the chemical constitution numbers given that pigment by the Color Index International published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, and are also used by the ASTM International, American Society for Testing and Materials. Each of the numbers in the "Colour Index Constitution Number" has a specific chemical or compositional meaning; for more information see the Colour Index Number Chart or go to the Color Index International and ASTM, American Society for Testing and Materials web sites (these links open in a new window)..

Chemical Composition:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

These are the basic chemical names, or mineral names along with chemical composition. I have also included CAS numbers, when I can fine them. Sometimes multiple names are given because chemical names can be stated in different ways and can also give an indication of the manufacture method. Very often a pigment can be a group of related compounds rather than one specific chemical. I have not included detailed chemical descriptions or analyses, but only basic information that should help you to find further information. I have included references designated with "(Ref)" where further information can be attained.
Adulterants, extenders and other additives may be added to artistic paints to improve the paint rheology, transparency, and\or drying time. Often inert pigments, extenders and fillers are added to the color pigments in student grade paints or to modify paint pigments with overly strong tinting strength, i.e. the Phthalocyanine Blues and Greens.
These extra ingredients are rarely listed of the label.

Color Description:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

This is a general attempt to explain the hue in plain English. The perception of color is as individual as the the people viewing it and any such description can not be completely accurate, but merely give a general idea of the what color looks like to the average person. Many pigments have a range of shades and hues. This range in hues can be due to many things such as different manufacturing processes, exact chemical composition and crystal shape. In most cases, i have not used any of the attempted means of standardizing color descriptions for this (such as the Munsell system), but where the pigment is included in the Color Index International Pigments and Solvent Dyes (The Society of Dyers and Colourists, third edition 1997), I have used that description, when there is no color hue description in the Color Index, I have used other reference sources in particularly manufacturer or supplier literature.

† = Effects of long term light exposure are given when known, this may allow an artist to anticipate color changes and possibly use them as an advantage. These effects are all relative to the pigments inherent light fastness and may take decades or even centuries in museum conditions to be visible.

Fades = Becomes more Transparent
Lightens = Loses chroma but maintains relative transparency or opaque character;
Whitens = Becomes lighter towards white and more opaque;
Darkens = Becomes darker but retains hue;
Dulls = Loses chroma towards neutral but maintains the relative tone;  
Blackens = Turns very dark or black losing chroma;  
Hue shift = Changes hue towards a different color

Opacity - Transparency:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

This designation is only a general reference to the most common encountered opacity or transparency inherit to the pigment. In paints, the transparency of a pigment can change due to what is used as the painting medium or binder (i.e., oil color, watercolor, encaustic, acrylic, etc.). There are many pigments that are opaque in watercolor but transparent or semi-transparent in oil paints. The transparency of a paint or pigment can often be manipulated by the manufacturing process for a particular purpose. The addition of inert pigments or other modifiers can also change the perceived transparency of a paint formulation or pigment.
When available, i have used the Color index's designation or manufacturers literature to arrive at this figure. When the Color Index description is unavailable i have arrived at a general figure by manufacturer literature or personal experience. A general designation such as given will not always be the case in any particular formulation.
 
1 = Opaque,
2 = Semi-Opaque,
3 = Semi-Transparent,
4 = Transparent

Light Fastness Rating:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

The light fastness rating can only be a general guide, when available, i have used the ASTM rating or manufacturers literature to arrive at this figure. The ASTM has not rated all pigments, and I believe will no longer be rating pigments. For that reason the rating in this database will not always be the ASTM rating but a rating culled from other sources, most importantly manufactures literature. The ASTM ratings have a 5 increment scale and the blue-wool scale is 8, in this database lightfastness ratings have been condensed or averaged to a less specific 4 designations. Very often, pigments in tints are less light fast and this should be taken into account when determining if a pigment or paint will meet your needs. I can can not cover every possible paint, binder, or pigment formulation in this chart as it would take too much time and space. In particular the quality of the actual pigment manufacture has much influence on a pigments fastness to light, heat and other chemicals. Additives, binder, and many other factors all have a influence on light fastness or fastness to other environmental influences. Whether a paint is watercolor, oil color, tempera, etc. has an effect on light fastness. Varnishes and other treatments to the painting surface or support can have an influence too. The only way to be sure, is to make your own tests on the paint or pigment you have. Reference the following: (ASTM D4303 - 10, Standard Test Methods for Lightfastness of Colorants Used in Artists' Materials, or ASTM D01.57, the Subcommittee on Artists' Materials doc here, opens new window); or this (AMIEN.org Thread - opens new window). Blue Wool Scale will be given when known, but be aware that these may be from tests on a single formulation, and may not be the same for all brands or binders.
 
I = Excellent,
II = Good,
III = Poor (may last many years in museum conditions, but should be used with caution for permanent works of art)
IV = Fugitive/Very Poor

 

BWS = Blue wool scale

7-8 = Excellent,
6 = Very Good,
4-5
= Fair (Impermanent),
2-3 Poor (fugitive),
1
= Very Poor (fugitive)*

*When known, blue wool scale ratings will be given for tints in the following format: Full;1/2 tint/;1/4 tint (i.e. Cadmium Red would be 8;8;8 with excellent light fastness in all tints). Note: these may from tests on a single formulation or pigment brand, and may not be valid for other brands or binders.

 

Oil Absorption: is given in g/100g or grams of oil per 100 grams of pigment   Key Top ^ Page Top^
or as H, M, L (see below)

The oil absorption figure has been arrived at from the pigment manufacturer's literature or artist reference sources (see the bottom of the Pigment Database's main page for a complete list of reference works). The higher the oil absorption, generally, the longer it will take to dry when used in oil painting. The addition of driers, siccatives, retardants and other additives can effect the drying time of any specific formulation, or they can be added by the artist to speed up or slow down the drying of oil paints. In some literature the oil absorption rate is given as ml/100g, although not technically the same as g/100g, for the purposes of this database they are close enough.

Depending on the specifications i have available I may also use the following designations:
H = High;   - These pigments absorb a lot of oil.
M = Medium;    - Average drying or cure rate
L = Low;    - Usually very fast driers

Toxicity:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

Under this heading will be a general designation of a possible hazard. It is assumed intelligent people will use at least ordinary care when handling all paints or pigments. The designation has been arrived at from, in most cases, the manufacturer's literature, art books and art reference works (see the bottom of the Pigment Database's main page for a complete list of reference works), MSDS sheets, the EPA manual: Environmental Health & Safety in the Arts: A Guide for K-12 Schools, Colleges and Artisans (full PDF here), The Art & Creative Materials Institute, Inc. (ACMI), The Health and the Arts Program - Great Lakes Centers at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health (UIC SPH), The American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works has a collection of articles on art safety, The Consumer Product Safety Commission's Art and Craft Safety Guide (PDF, 250 KB) and Art Materials Business Guidance

All paints and especially dry pigments can be hazardous if carelessly handled, but, if handled properly with common sense all but the most dangerous pigments can be used safely. Very few pigments used in the arts are edible, and even so called "Food Colors" are not meant to be used in large quantities and may have unknown side effects or allergic reactions.

WARNING: Always use a dust mask when working with any dry pigments. Work in a separate area of your studio away from children, pets or other living things. Do not smoke, eat or drink around any art materials. Dispose of all waste materials in an environmentally safe way.

A = Low hazard, but do not handle carelessly;
B = Possible hazard if carelessly handled, ingested in large amounts or over long periods of time;
C = Hazardous, use appropriate precautions for handling toxic substances; 
D = Extremely Toxic, only attempt working with these pigments (especially the dry form) in laboratory like conditions with proper safety equipment (see "Prudent practices in the laboratory: handling and disposal of chemicals" at google books opens new window); or the PDF - Booklet Safe Handling of Colour Pigments Copyright © 1995: BCMA, EPSOM, ETAD, VdMI - link from VdMI


The Side Notes Column:   Key Top ^ Page Top^

These are typically interesting things I have read, or information collected on a pigment that may be worth further study. Please remember that they are NOT statements of absolute fact. Many pigment qualities are rumors, old wife's tales and misconceptions repeated over and over until they accepted as fact without any scientific proof. References (Ref) may be provided for further info.

Miscellaneous:

(hue) = When the word "hue" in in parenthesis (hue), it refers to a hue color not designated on the label, when the word "hue" is not in parenthesis is part of the pigment name as per ASTM guidelines.

(Ref) = A link to a reference source. This may be the reference source of the information that I have given, or just a link to more detailed information.

? = a question mark next to a name, note, or data code indicates that it may or may not be correct information due to conflicting information, questionable references, possible typo or other discrepancies in the manufacturer or other reference documentation. Further study is needed to clarify.

Paint or Pigment Manufacturer Code & Art Medium:*****   Key Top ^ Page Top^
Paint/Pigment Manufacturer Code:
The manufacturer code is to indicate companies that make or supply paints or pigments using the particular pigment. Only those products that are single pigments will be indicated in this database. In a few cases, the Color Index International has listed a mixture of pigments or chemicals under a single color index pigment name or code, and these will also be designated as if they were a single pigment. The codes next to the pigments in above Color of Art Database may take you off sight where you can find more info or even purchase, if you so desire. These codes are not part of any standard, but were made up by me for this database, with purpose of making them as short as possible.
The links below next to the manufacturer code below are to the official manufacturer web site and will open in a new window.

DG = Daniel Green (discontinued?)

EP = Earth Pigments

GB = Gamblin

GEN = Common Generic term

GO = Golden

GR = Grumbacher

GU = Guerra Paint & Pigment

HO = Holbien

JO = Jo Sonja

KA = Kama Pigments

KP = Kremer Pigmente  (USA site)


Paint medium or binder code:  Key Top ^ Page Top^

Clicking on the paint or pigment manufacturer code next to the pigment name will take you off site where more information can be found. The link will most often take you to an art supplier where you can find more specific art medium or paint binder info, purchasing source, pigment properties, pigment history, MSDS sheets, and whether it is the artist premium or student economy grade. If you find this site helpful you can help support this site by purchasing through these links.

d in italics next to the pigment manufacturer or art supplier code indicates a discontinued pigment or paint.
All other art medium or binder codes in italics mean the pigment under that name is in the "student" or economy grade, not the "artist's" grade paint.

a = Acrylic Paint, heavy body;

ab = Acrylic Airbrush colors;

ad = Aqueous pigment dispersions;

af = Fluid Acrylics;

ag = Matte Acrylic or Acrylic Gouache;

ao = open acrylics or slow drying

k = Alkyd paints;

c = Casein or milk paint;

d = Discontinued

e = Encaustic paints;

g = Traditional water color Gouache;

i = Ink (printing ink or pigmented drawing inks);

o = Oil Paint;

p = Dry Pigment;

t = Artist Professional Tempera or Egg Tempera;

w = Watercolor Paint in tubes;

wp = Watercolor Pan; wp = 1/2 pan, wp(f) = full pan, wp(L) = large pan

wo = Water mixable oil paint or water soluble oil paint.

 

am = Acrylic medium, may have a wide variety of ingredients or uses

om = Oil painting Medium, may have a wide variety of ingredients or uses

wm = Watercolor Medium, may have a wide variety of ingredients or uses

GEN = Where there is a generally accepted common historic name associated with a pigment, I have used "GEN" to denote the generic or common historical name of a particular pigment.


Other than gouache, only single pigment paints and pigments are included. Gouache is designated distinct from watercolors because it is often mixed with white or additives to make it matte and/or opaque and that is not usually indicated on the paint manufactures literature. Other art material or medium forms such as pastel, oil pastels, oil bars, dyes and ceramic glazes will not be designated with a artists medium or binder code, but may still be listed under the pigment name with a company code.

 


©2013 by David Myers, All Rights Reserved. Please email me with corrections, additions or comments.

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Artist Reference Resources:

Historical Artist and Pigment Reference Sources:  
This is just a partial list, for a more complete listing of Historical Pigment References see the
Free Art Books Page.

  1. The Industrial and Artistic Technology of Paint and Varnish,
    By Alvah Horton Sabin, Published by J. Wiley & Sons, 1904
  2. The Painters' Encyclopaedia,
    By Franklin B. Gardner, Published by M.T. Richardson, 1887
  3. The Science of Painting,
    By Jehan Georges Vibert, Published by P. Young, 1892
  4. A Treatise on Painting,
    By Cennino Cennini, Giuseppe Tambroni, Mary Philadelphia Merrifield, Translated by Mary Philadelphia Merrifield, Published by Lumley, 1844
  5. A Treatise on Painting,
    By Leonardo Da Vinci, John Francis Rigaud, Published by J.B. Nichols and Son 1835
  6. The Book of the Art of Cennino Cennini,
    By Cennino Cennini, Cennini, Christiana Jane Powell Herringham, Translated by Christiana Jane Powell Herringham, Published by G. Allen & Unwin, ltd., 1899
  7. The Chemistry of Paints and Painting,
    By Arthur Herbert Church, Published by Seeley, 1901
  8. A Handbook for Painters and Art Students on the Character and Use of Colours,
    By William J. Muckley, Published by Baillière, Tindall, and Cox, 1880
  9. The Household Cyclopedia,
    By Henry Hartshorne 1881
  10. The Chemistry of Pigments,
    By Ernest John Parry, John Henry Coste, Published by Scott, Greenwood, 1902
  11. Facts about Processes, Pigments and Vehicles: A Manual for Art Student,
    By Arthur Pillans Laurie, Published by Macmillan, 1895
  12. The Manufacture Of Earth Colours:
    By DR. JOSEF BERSCH, translated by CHARLES SALTER,SCOTT, GREENWOOD & SON , 1921 Link
  13. Materials for Permanent Painting,
    By Maximilian Toch 1911

 

Modern Pigment and Artist Reference Sources:

  1. The Artist’s Handbook,
    by Pip Seymour, Arcturus Publishing (September 16, 2003)
  2. The Artist's Handbook, Revised Edition,
    Ray Smith; DK Publishing 2003
  3. The Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques,
    Third edition, by Ralph Mayer; Viking Press 1979
  4. Artists' Pigments: Volume 1: A Handbook of their History and Characteristics
    Edited by Robert L. Feller
  5. Artists' Pigments: Volume 2: A Handbook of their History and Characteristics
    Edited by Ashok Roy (Oct 2, 1993)
  6. Artists' Pigments: Volume 3: A Handbook of their History and Characteristics
    Edited by Elisabeth West Fitzhugh (Oct 1997)
  7. Artists' Pigments: Volume 4: A Handbook of their History and Characteristics
    Edited by Barbara Berrie (Jun 7, 2007)
  8. Collins Artist's Colour Manual,
    Simon Jennings; HarperCollins Publishers 2003
  9. Color Index International Pigments and Solvent Dyes,
    The Society of Dyers and colourists, third edition 1998
  10. A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques,
    Ralph Mayer, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969
  11. The Materials and Techniques of Painting,
    by Jonathan Stephenson (May 1993)
  12. The Painter's Handbook,
    Mark David Gottsegen; Watson-Guptill Publications 1993
  13. Painting Materials A Short Encyclopaedia,
    by Rutherford J. Gettens and George L. Stout; Dover Publications 1966
  14. Pigment Compendium,
    by Nicholas Eastaugh, Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin, Ruth Siddall; Butterworth Heinemann 2004

 

 

Web Resources and Art Suppliers with Excellent Reference Materials:

  1. American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC):

    National membership organization in the United States dedicated to the preservation of cultural material, establishes and upholds professional standards, promoting research and publications, educational opportunities, and fostering the exchange of knowledge among conservators, allied professionals, and the public.

  2. AMIEN:
    a resource for artists dedicated to providing the most comprehensive, up-to-date, accurate, and unbiased factual information about artists' materials
  3. Blick Art Materials;
    has done a extremely thorough job of indicating the pigments used in most of the paints they sell, making the Dick Blick art supply website much more than just a store to purchase paint and art supplies.
    Dick Blick also has the MSDS sheets
    for of most of the products they sell , making the Blick site a valuable resource for toxicity info and the health and safety of artist materials.
  4. Coloria.net,
    a large and thorough site on pigments, in Finnish http://www.coloria.net/index.htm
  5. Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online (CAMEO), The Materials Database,
    developed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (MFA), to be a more comprehensive and well-rounded encyclopedic resource for the art conservation and historic preservation fields. The MATERIALS database contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials.
  6. Conservation OnLine (CoOL):
    A freely accessible platform to generate and disseminate vital resources for those working to preserve cultural heritage worldwide.
  7. The Handprint,com;
    site by Bruce MacEvoy has loads of excellent information on watercolor pigments and Has a excellent color wheel showing where the actual pigments are in color space. Truly an awesome site, the site is directed at watercolors, but is a good general reference for any paints or pigments.
  8. Webexhibits.org;
    Great pigment sight that even includes step by step instructions for making you own pigments.
  9. The Real Color Wheel;
    by Don Jusko is also a great color site.
  10. Studiomara;
    has a fantastic pigment reference database sorted by the marketing paint color name and brand.
  11. Health and Safety in the Arts;
    A Searchable Database of Health & Safety Information for Artists
  12. Household Products Database;
    Health and safety information on household products from the US Department of Health and Human Services
  13. Natural Pigments:
    One of the best sources of rare natural and historical pigments and information.
  14. Pigments and their Chemical and Artistic Properties; by Julie C. Sparks, is part of The Painted Word Site. Wonderful stuff.
  15. Paintmaking.com: By Tony Johansen, Great Paint making site with all types of useful pigment and binder information for the artist.
  16. PCImag.com; Paint & Coatings Indusry
        2010 Additives Handbook by Darlene Brezinski, Dr. Joseph V. Koleske, Robert Springate, June 4, 2010;
        A History of Pigment Use in Western Art Part 1;
        A History of Pigment Use in Western Art Part 2
  17. Dick Blick Artist Supply:
    Full Range of art supplies at discount prices and has pigment info on most paints they sell
  18. Kremer Pigmente EuropeKremer Pigments USA site;
    Has a huge amount of pigments and information.
  19. Earth Pigments:
    Specializes in earth pigments.
  20. Guerra Paint and Pigments:
    Many rare and out of production Pigments mostly in aqueous dispersions
  21. Sinopia:
    Lots of Pigments & info

Health and Safety in the Arts References and Info:

  1. Art and Craft Safety Guide (PDF, 250 KB)
    Consumer Product Safety Commission
  2. Art Materials Business Guidance
    Consumer Product Safety Commission
  3. Art Safety
    Environmental Protection, Health & Safety, California State University at Monterey Bay
  4. Artist Safety
    Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Oregon Health & Science University
  5. Environmental Health & Safety in the Arts: A Guide for K-12 Schools, Colleges and Artisans
    U. S. Environment Protection Agency
  6. Exposing Ourselves to Art (PDF, 6.83 MB)
    Scott Fields. Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 105, Number 3, March 1997
  7. Health & Safety Bibliographic Resources and Resource Guides in Art Conservation
    CoOL – Conservation Online, Stanford University Libraries
  8. Health and Safety Guides and Publications
    American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Work
  9. Art Safety
    Office of Environmental Health and Safety, Connecticut College
  10. Health and the Arts Program
    The Occupational Health Service Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago
  11. Online Health and Safety in the Arts Library
    The Occupational Health Service Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago
  12. Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
    New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health
  13. Studio Safety
    Gamblin Artists Colors

 

 

*other ASTM specifications used the the labeling of artists materials are:

 

D4236-94(2011) Standard Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards

D4302-05(2010) Standard Specification for Artists' Oil, Resin-Oil, and Alkyd Paints

D4303-10 Standard Test Methods for Lightfastness of Colorants Used in Artists' Materials

D4838-88(2010) Standard Test Method for Determining the Relative Tinting Strength of Chromatic Paints

D4941-06(2010) Standard Practice for Preparing Drawdowns of Artists' Paste Paints

D5067-05(2010) Standard Specification for Artists' Watercolor Paints

D5098-05a(2010) Standard Specification for Artists' Acrylic Dispersion Paints

D5383-02(2010) Standard Practice for Visual Determination of the Lightfastness of Art Materials by Art Technologists

D5398-97(2010) Standard Practice for Visual Evaluation of the Lightfastness of Art Materials by the User

D5517-07 Standard Test Method for Determining Extractability of Metals from Art Materials
See also WK41263 proposed revision

D5724-06(2010) Standard Specification for Gouache Paints

D6801-07 Standard Test Method for Measuring Maximum Spontaneous Heating Temperature of Art and Other Materials

D6901-06 Standard Specification for Artists' Colored Pencils
See also WK27266 proposed revision

D7354-11 Standard Guide for Artists’ Paint Waste Disposal in Private, Non-Commercial Settings

D7355-10 Standard Guide for Artists' Paint Waste Disposal in Smaller Commercial or Educational Settings

D7733-12 Standard Specification for Acrylic Dispersion Ground

WK28388 New Specification for Traditional Artists Watercolor Paints
WK37409 New Test Method for Measuring Aspiration Potential of Aerosol Products
WK37916 New Specification for Standard Specification for Artists Pastels

 

I hope you you have found the Pigment Database useful info for oil painting and watercolor painting, acrylic painting or indeed any painting medium; I have tried to make this a good resource for the fine arts, that has the important information on toxicity of paint and art materials including the hazards of some craft materials used by decorators, interior designers, illustration and graphic designer;

 

© 2013 by David Myers all rights reserved

 

 

 

 


This page of the Color of Art Pigment Database was designed for C.I. Pigment Red.

CI Pigment Red is indicated with the pigment code "Pigment Red" followed by the color index international's pigment identification code number or pigment ID number. The full color index name or generic pigment name is usually shortened to the Color Index code which for pigment Red is "PR" plus the color index # (after the "PR" pigment Red code designation there is the Color index identifying number code for the specific pigment, i.e. "PR 83" or "PR 101"). All artist paints and pigments that are ASTM International (American Society for Testing and Materials) and ASTM D4236 - 94* compliant that are sold in the United States must have the pigment identification number or generic chemical names of the Red pigments that were used to make the Red paints or dry pigments (either powdered pigments or in the commonly found "pigment dispersions") and should be have the generic pigment name printed on the paint label. The "Red oil paint" tube or "Red oil color" paint label, along with the label on tubes of acrylic paints, and on the label on tubes of watercolor even when found as pans, half-pans or dry cakes and often sold as a complete color palette or "watercolor set", will have the pigment or pigments index name on the label, or printed directly on the paint tube.

This color database is a also a great pigment reference made for DIY artist's and artisans that make their own paints with raw pigments and grind or mull the pigments into homemade paints giving them complete control over the paints grind, texture, and color. Making your own paints (paint making) by mulling the pigment in with a binding medium can be a rewarding and fun creative experience. The artist is involved in the process of creation, from the beginning with only the raw dry pigments and proceeding on to grinding pigments with a binding media (usually shortened to "binder"). For making oil paints, linseed oil is the most common binder (or medium). Walnut oil is also common oil used in making oil colors in the art studio and is less yellowing than linseed oil, There are other less common drying oils and some new alkyd resins the are sometimes used in making oil colors in the studio. Making (or grinding) watercolor paint is also fun and easy. The most common formula for making homemade watercolors is mostly water with some dissolved gum arabic (the glue that holds the paint together when dry). Honey and glycerin are common additives used in varying proportions to adjust the drying time and re-wetability of the dried watercolor. See the Art is Creation Recipe page for more info and paint making or grinding medium recipes. Egg-oil tempera and other media can be made in the art studio by DIY artists and it is creative and fun to make your very own paints. It is a very rewarded creative experience to grinding (mulling) your own paints and then finally making a painting or work of art, all entirely created by the artist themselves from start to finish.

The Art is Creation, Color of Art Pigment Database Reference has the resources and info on pigments used for artist paint, student paints, Oil color including:

  • Oil Paints
  • Watercolors
  • Acrylic Paint
  • Pigments used in making paint
  • Dry Pigments and Powders
  • Aqueous Pigment Dispersions
  • Fluid Acrylics
  • Airbrush Paint
  • Acrylic Gouache
  • Matte Acrylic Paints
  • Acrylic Vinyl
  • Acyclic paint or Alkyd Oils
  • Casein or Milk Paint
  • Encaustic painting
  • Gouache
  • Printing Inks or Pigmented Drawing inks
  • Oil sticks or Oil Bars
  • Oil Base Pigment Stick
  • Tempera or Egg Tempera
  • Watercolor Sticks
  • Watercolor Pigment Sticks or Bars
  • Water mixable oil paint or water soluble oil paint